Abstract 16468: Results of Research Genetic Testing in Pediatric Cardiomyopathy Patients Justify Broader Clinical Genetic Testing
Introduction: Pediatric cardiomyopathies are genetically heterogeneous diseases with high risk of death or cardiac transplant. Despite progress in identifying causes, the majority of cases remain idiopathic. Currrently, genetic testing is not performed in all children with cardiomyopathy. Gene identification leads to better individual risk stratification and has the potential to stimulate the development of therapies based on the underlying mutation. The aim of this study is to identify genetic mutations in pediatric cardiomyopathy patients using whole exome sequencing.
Hypothesis: Sarcomeric mutations are under-diagnosed causes of all forms of cardiomyopathy in children.
Methods: Probands with cardiomyopathy were recruited from 11 institutions. Results of clinical genetic testing prior to enrollment were collected. Whole exome sequencing was performed and mutations were identified in 35 genes currently available on clinical genetic testing panels.
Results: The initial 154 probands subjected to exome included 78 patients with DCM, 43 with HCM, 14 with RCM, and 19 with LVNC, mixed, or unknown types. Familial disease was present in 38% and the remainder were idiopathic. Twenty-seven percent had positive clinical genetic testing prior to enrollment. Exome testing identified mutations in 38 subjects who had not had clinical testing, increasing the cohort positive testing rate to 55% (DCM, 34.6%; HCM, 74.4%; RCM, 71.4%). Forty-five percent of subjects with no family history of disease had an identifiable mutation.
Conclusions: Pediatric cardiomyopathy patients have a high incidence of mutations that can be identified by clinically available genetic testing. Lack of a family history of cardiomyopathy was not predictive of normal genetic testing. These results support the broader use of genetic testing in pediatric patients with all functional phenotypes of cardiomyopathy to identify disease causation allowing better family risk stratification.
Author Disclosures: S.M. Ware: None. S.E. Lipshultz: None. S.D. Colan: None. L. Shi: None. C.E. Canter: None. D.T. Hsu: None. D.A. Dodd: None. M.D. Everitt: None. P.F. Kantor: None. L.J. Addonizio: None. J.L. Jefferies: None. J. Rossano: None. E. Pahl: None. P. Rusconi: None. J. Schubert: None. T. Lee: None. E. Miller: None. M. Tariq: None. J.D. Wilkinson: None. J.A. Towbin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.