Abstract 16398: Comparison of Major Bleeding Risk and Associated Costs Among Newly Anticoagulated Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients
Real-world evidence highlighting the risks and benefits of novel oral anticoagulants (NOCAs) is lacking. This study compared major and clinically relevant non-major (CRNM) bleeding risk and costs among non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients newly treated with apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or warfarin. A retrospective analysis of NVAF patients newly treated with apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or warfarin was conducted using PharMetrics Plus data from 1/ 2012 - 9/ 2014. Patients were indexed on the date of the first anticoagulant prescription, and were required to be ≥18 years old and have CHA2DS2-VASc score > 0 and ≥ 1 month of follow-up. Patients were followed until discontinuation (≥30-day gap in treatment), treatment switch, end of continuous enrollment, 1 year post-index, or end of study. Major and CRNM bleeding, and bleeding-related costs were measured. Cox proportional hazards model was used to examine the association between anticoagulants and risk of bleeding and GLM was used to evaluate bleeding-related costs. The study included 24,573 NVAF patients; distributed as apixaban 11.7%, dabigatran 12.0%, rivaroxaban 36.7%, and warfarin 39.6%. Mean age was 64.4 and 66.5% were males. HAS-BLED and CHA2DS2-VASc scores averaged 2.0 and 2.7, respectively. After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics, when compared to apixaban patients, rivaroxaban (HR: 1.5; P=0.0013) and warfarin (HR: 1.7; P<0.0001) patients were more likely to have major bleeding, and dabigatran (HR: 1.3; P=0.0030), rivaroxaban (HR: 1.7; P<0.0001), and warfarin (HR: 1.4; P<0.0001) patients were more likely to have CRNM bleeding. Major bleeding risk was similar between apixaban and dabigatran patients. Major and CRNM bleeding costs, when compared to apixaban patients ($154 and $18), were significantly higher for dabigatran ($457; P<0.0001 and $39; P<0.0001), rivaroxaban ($420; P<0.0001 and $61; P<0.0001), and warfarin ($511; P<0.0001 and $63; P<0.0001) patients. Among anticoagulant-naive moderate-to-high risk NVAF patients encountered in real-world clinical setting, major bleeding was lower with apixaban compared to warfarin and rivaroxaban. Bleeding costs were lower with apixaban compared to alternative NOACs and warfarin.
- Non-valvular atrial fibrillaion
- Novel oral anticoagulant
- Major bleeding
- Major bleeding costs
Author Disclosures: S. Deitelzweig: Speakers Bureau; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. A. Bruno: Employment; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. N. Tate: Employment; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. A. Ogbonnaya: Research Grant; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. M. Shah: Employment; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. E. Farrelly: Research Grant; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. T. Lokhandwala: Research Grant; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. K. Gupta: Employment; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb. M. Eaddy: Research Grant; Modest; Bristol-Myers Squibb.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.