Abstract 16339: Heparin Bridging in Atrial Fibrillation Patients After Temporary Interruption of Warfarin: Evidence From Meta-analysis
Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation often require temporary interruption of warfarin for procedures. However, the efficacy of periprocedural heparin bridging in clinical practice is still unclear.
Methods: We searched the literature for trials that compared heparin bridging to no bridging in atrial fibrillation patients for whom warfarin was temporarily interrupted. The incidence of all-cause mortality, thromboembolism, and major and all bleeding was included, and meta-analysis was performed.
Results: A total of 11,924 patients with atrial fibrillation were included in 4 observational studies and 1 randomized trial. Mean CHADS2 score for the no heparin bridging group is 2.26 vs heparin bridging 2.26. At 30 days and up to 3 months, no bridging group in comparison to bridging group did not show any significant difference in mortality (odds ratio (OR), 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04-37.43; P = 0.91) or thromboembolism (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.12-4.05; P = 0.68), but no bridging group showed significantly less major bleeding (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21-0.86; P = 0.02) and less all bleeding (OR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.24-0.79; P = 0.007).
Conclusion: Among atrial fibrillation patients anticoagulated with warfarin with an intermediate CHADS2 score requiring temporary interruption of warfarin for a procedure, periprocedural bridging with heparin was associated more with major and all bleeding when compared to no bridging, with no significant difference in mortality and thromboembolism.
Author Disclosures: K. Ayoub: None. R. Nairooz: None. A. Almomani: None. M. Marji: None. M. Pino: None. W. Maskoun: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.