Abstract 16293: Predictors of Late Presentation After an ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Introduction: Time to reperfusion has been shown to be a major predictor of mortality after an ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Reducing delays to ER presentation should significantly improve time to reperfusion. This study sought to explore the factors that predict late presentation to ER after STEMI.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted using data from our tertiary institution 2008-2013. All patients admitted for STEMI during this period were identified. The “Symptom onset to door time (SODT)” was computed and a binary outcome variable (late presentation) was defined as a SODT >180 minutes. The role of patient demographics, insurance status, socioeconomic factors, mode of transportation, and comorbidities were controlled for in the multivariable regression analysis to identify the predictors of late presentation. A subset analysis was conducted excluding patients transferred from outlying facilities.
Results: During this period, 1144 patients were admitted for acute STEMI, with 348 of these patients having been transferred from outlying facilities. Mean age was 59 (+12.8) years, males accounted for 67% of this population, 28% had private insurance, 50% had public insurance and 22% were uninsured; 56% of this population was Black. 47.5% of patients presented after 180 minutes. On bivariate analysis, blacks, older age, insurance status, female gender and a family history of coronary artery disease were predictors of late presentation after STEMI. On controlling for confounders in our model, the only significant predictors for late presentation were race and insurance status. A subset analysis excluding transferred patients showed qualitatively similar results.
Conclusion: Minority patients, publically insured and uninsured patients are more likely to present late after a STEMI, this difference in time to presentation may be a surrogate for health literacy in these populations and may be ameliorated by better health education.
Author Disclosures: O. Bolorunduro: None. B. Smith: None. M. Chumpia: None. P. Valasareddy: None. M. Heckle: None. M. Crouse: None. B. Zambetti: None. R. Ellis: None. I. Hwang: None. N. Efeovbokhan: None. R. Khouzam: None. G. Reed: None. U. Ibebuogu: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.