Abstract 16290: Racial and Ethnic Differences in Heart Failure Progression in Post-menopausal Women: The Women’s Health Initiative
Background: Heart failure (HF), a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women, continues to disproportionately affect African-American (AA) women compared to women of other races/ethnicities. In a large cohort of post-menopausal women, we investigated if AA women progress through HF stages and coronary heart disease (CHD) death more rapidly than Caucasian (Cau) or Hispanic/Latina (HL) women.
Methods: We assessed the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) HF stage A upon enrollment into the Women’s Health Initiative (1993-1998) and the progression from Stage A to Stage C, Stage C to CHD death, up to the last date of follow-up (2010). Cox proportional hazard regressions models were used to assess disease progression risk. We adjusted for age, baseline comorbidities, duration of comorbidities, interval development of myocardial infarction, ejection fraction at HF diagnosis, socioeconomic factors, and sex specific variables.
Results: At baseline, AA women were younger and had a higher percentage of Stage A HF (76%) than Cau (54%) and HL (55%) women. Overall, AA and HL women had significantly lower risk of progressing from Stage A to Stage C compared to Cau women [AA vs. Cau adjusted Hazard Ratio (HR) 0.77 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.64 -0.93) p = 0.0055; HL vs. Cau HR 0.54 (95% CI 0.40 -0.71) p < 0.0001]. After stratifying by age groups(<65, 65-69, >70 years), AA women had a similar risk of progression from stage A to C compared to Cau women. When compared to Cau women, AA had an insignificant increased risk of progressing from Stage C to CHD death [adjusted HR 1.29 (95% CI 0.72 -2.32) p = 0.3883)].
Conclusions: Cau women were at higher risk for HF progression from Stage A to Stage C compared to HL women, but at similar risk as AA women. AA women had an insignificant but increased risk of progression from Stage C to CHD death compared to Cau women.
Author Disclosures: K. Breathett: None. R. Foraker: None. W.T. Abraham: None. L. Coker: None. I. Leng: None. K. Whitfield: None. S. Shumaker: None. J. Manson: None. C. Eaton: None. B.V. Howard: None. N. Ijioma: None. C. Cene: None. L. Martin: None. K. Johnson: None. L. Klein: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.