Abstract 16138: Chest and Cardiac Compression on CT/MRI and on TEE Predicts Improvement in Right Heart Chamber Size and Right Ventricular Deformation Post Pectus Excavatum Repair Surgery
Background: Pectus excavatum (PE) deformity involves posterior depression of the sternum and adjacent costal cartilages. The relationship of CT/MRI chest cardiac compression indices used as indications for surgical repair of PE with echocardiographic findings and with improvement in cardiac chamber compression and function post PE repair is unknown.
Methods: We evaluated right atrial (RA) size, tricuspid annulus (TA size, right ventricular (RV) outflow tract size as well as RV 2D strain on intra-operative trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) immediately pre and post surgical PE repair. Inspiratory and expiratory Haller Index (HI) and cardiac compression indices (CCI) were measured on pre op CT/MR scans (Figure). Offline measurement of chamber dimensions on TEE images was performed and Speckle tracking strain measurements were made using Syngo US Workplace software (Siemens). P<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: 60 patients, 73% male, 27% female, age 33.6±10.3 yrs underwent PE repair following CT/MRI from 2010-2014 (Figure). There was a strong correlation between expiratory CT/MRI chest AP diameter and pre-op RA size (panel A). Pre op RA and TA compression on TEE inversely correlated with pre op RV global longitudinal strain rate(RVGLSR) (panels B & C). CCI predicted improvement in RA size post PE repair (panels D & E). In addition pre op RA size on TEE correlated with improvement in RVGLSR post PE repair surgery (panel F).
Conclusion: In patients with PE deformity, pre surgical CCI correlated with right-sided cardiac chamber compression on pre op TEE. Severity of chest and cardiac compression also predicted magnitude of improvement in right-sided chamber size and RV longitudinal deformation post PE repair. Our findings provide insight regarding the beneficial effects of PE surgery on right heart chamber compression and improvement in RV function and the important role of intraoperative TEE for patients undergoing PE repair surgery.
Author Disclosures: C. Chao: None. M.B. Gotway: None. D.E. Jaroszewski: None. S. Lester: None. S. Unzek: None. S. Wilansky: None. H.P. Chaliki: None. C.P. Appleton: None. F. Mookadam: None. T.Z. Naqvi: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.