Abstract 16117: Nonresponders to Cardiac Rehabilitation and Outcomes
Introduction: Studies of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiac rehabilitation (CR) have traditionally focused on increasing enrollment in CR. We examine here the prognosis of patients who enrolled and completed CR, but saw no significant improvement in exercise capacity [nonresponders (NR)].
Hypothesis: Nonresponders have a poor prognosis.
Methods: 780 CHD patients who completed CR with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) before and after the intervention were divided according to improvement in exercise tolerance (ET; no change or decline vs improvement in metabolic equivalent). Mortality was tracked post CR for all patients; 1 to 161 months of follow-up (mean 6.4 years).
Results: 243 (31%) subjects were NR. After adjustment for body mass index, age, gender, ejection fraction and baseline ET, lack of improvement in exercise capacity was associated with a statistically significant 55% increase in mortality (p=0.03; Figure 1). Higher age (OR 1.02; p 0.05) and baseline ET (OR 1.07; p 0.001) was significantly associated with being a NR, but depression, gender and ejection fraction were not significant risk factors.
Conclusions: A substantial proportion of subjects referred to CR have no improvement in ET and comparatively demonstrate a poor prognosis. Further investigation into the identifying characteristics of this population is needed to examine if their prognosis can be altered.
Author Disclosures: A. De Schutter: None. C. Lavie: None. E. Jahangir: None. A. Menezes: None. H. Dinshaw: None. K. Shum: None. R. Arena: None. R. Milani: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.