Abstract 15880: Angiopoietin 2, a Pro-inflammatory Protein, is Associated With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease
Introduction: Angiopoietin 2 (ANG2) is a pro-inflammatory protein which is elevated in several inflammatory conditions and associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
Hypothesis: ANG2 is associated with the composite of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke (MACE) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
Methods: We measured serum ANG2 levels at baseline in 363 consecutive PAD patients with using multiplex bead array technology. Follow-up was five years. In Cox regression, confounding was evaluated by examining the relative change in coefficients (delta-beta) for ANG2 after the omission of the respective potential confounder from the fully adjusted model. Significant Confounding was defined as a delta-beta > 10%.
Results: Using receiver operating characteristics, ANG2 exhibited an area under the curve of 0.6 (95%CI: 0.522 - 0.678) for the proper discrimination between MACE and non-events. A cut-off of 3.74 ng/ml resulted in the highest possible combination of specifity (57.5%) and sensitivity (63.3%) leading to an unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 2.17 (95%CI: 1.28 - 3.67) in Cox regression (p=0.004). Adjusting for age, sex, diabetes, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and renal function lead to a HR of 1.89 (95%CI: 1.11 - 3.24) for ANG2 >3.74 ng/ml (p=0.020). The additional adjustment for c-reactive protein (CRP) resulted in a no more significant HR of 1.68 (95%CI: 0.97 - 2.92)for high ANG2 (p=0.067). Diabetes and CRP, both significant predictors of MACE in our cohort, proved to be significant confounders with concomitant delta-betas of 19.7% and 22.9%, respectively.
Conclusions: We are the first to demonstrate that elevated ANG2 levels are interrelated with MACE in patients with PAD. Inflammation and glucose hemostasis seem to influence this association.
Author Disclosures: C. Herz: None. C. Hoebaus: None. F. Obendorf: None. G. Pesau: None. R. Koppensteiner: None. G. Schernthaner: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.