Abstract 15821: Safety and Efficacy of Non-invasive Ventilation During Exercise Training in Patients With Acute Heart Failure. A Randomized Prospective Controlled Study
Background: Exercise training (ET) is well established to improve functional capacity and quality of life in patients (pts) with chronic heart failure. However, the ET benefits in acute heart failure (AHF) are unknown. Purpose: We aimed to study the safety and efficacy of ET alone or combined with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) compared to standard medical treatment in hospitalized pts with AHF.
Methods: Twenty-nine pts with AHF (68% ischemic), 56±7 years, left ventricle ejection fraction of 25±5%, NTproBNP of 2456±730, 6-minute walk test distance (6MWD = 225±39meters) were randomized into 3 groups: ET + NIV with sub therapeutic positive airway pressure (PAP) (ET,n=9), ET + NIV set to 14 of inspiratory and 8 cmH2O of expiratory PAP, respectively (EV,n=11) and standard treatment (CO,n=9). The ET and EV groups performed a daily session of unloaded exercise on cycle ergometer for 20 min or tolerance limit, for 8 consecutives days. In EV and ET, oxygen pulse saturation (SpO2), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), blood pressure (BP), blood lactate were measured at baseline (D1), during exercise, and at day 10 (D10). Serious adverse events (death or worsening heart failure) were also assessed on D10.
Results: Length of hospital stay was shorter in EV group (17±10 days) compared to ET (23±8 days) and CO (39±15 days) (p<0,05). There were more serious adverse events in CO (66,6%) compared to both EV and ET (15%). Dobutamine use at D10 was less frequent in EV (18,2%) and ET (22,2%) groups than in CO (33,3%) (p<0.05). There was a marked improvement in Δ6MWD between D1 and D10 in EV (Δ127±72 meters), though increase in Δ6MWD was also seen in ET (Δ72±26 meters) and CO (Δ41±19meters), p<0,05. The EV group also showed higher endurance and lower peak HR at end-exercise than ET at D10 (128±10 vs. 92±8 min and 73±12 vs. 104±25 bpm, respectively; p<0,05). There was a similar reduction in NTproBNP levels but no differences were found in BP, SpO2, RR and blood lactate.
Conclusion: Aerobic exercise in AHF was safe, reduced length of hospital stay and need for inotropics at D10. NIV + ET increased exercise endurance with lower cardiovascular stress.
Author Disclosures: M.F. Oliveira: None. R.L. Santos: None. V.M. Mendez: None. P.A. Sperandio: None. I.I. Umeda: None. E.B. Correa: None. A.S. Ferraz: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.