Abstract 15764: Aortic Valve Intervention for Severe Aortic Stenosis Improves Outcomes Following Non-cardiac Surgery
Background: Non-cardiac surgery (NCS) in patients with severe aortic stenosis has traditionally been associated with high perioperative mortality. Aortic valve replacement is recommended prior to elective NCS, but the impact of this strategy has not been systematically assessed.
Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing major NCS at Mayo Clinic between 2000 and 2013. Patients undergoing aortic valve intervention (AVI) prior to NCS were compared to those undergoing surgery without prior AVI (control). Patients undergoing emergency surgery were excluded. Primary endpoint was occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE; combination of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, new/worsening heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia) within 30 days of NCS; secondary endpoints were mortality at 30 days and 1 year after NCS.
Results: 180 patients (age 74.5 ± 10.5 years, 64% male) who underwent NCS within 12 months after AVI, were compared to 232 patients (age 76.6 ± 10.7 years, 56% male) in the control group. Patients undergoing AVI were more often symptomatic than controls (41% vs 26%, p = 0.002). MACE was significantly higher in the control group (21.6% vs 5.6%, p < 0.001), mainly due to the increased risk of heart failure in the postoperative period in this group (18.5% vs 2.2%, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the rate of myocardial infarction (1.7% vs 0.6%, p = 0.39), ventricular arrhythmia (0.9 % vs 0 %, p = 0.51) or stroke (0.9 % vs 0 %, p = 0.51). Kaplan-Meier assessment demonstrated no significant difference at 30 days but a reduction in 1 year mortality in the AVI group compared to the control group (Figure).
Conclusions: Pre-operative AVI for severe aortic stenosis results in reduced heart failure and improved 1 year survival. However, other MACE and 30 day mortality appears unchanged. Pre-operative AVI should be considered in symptomatic patients, where the benefit of AVI is demonstrated to be greatest.
Author Disclosures: S.A. Luis: None. S.V. Pislaru: None. C.G. Scott: None. G.C. Kane: None. M.D. Abel: None. V.T. Nkomo: None. P.A. Pellikka: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.