Abstract 15636: Percutaneous Intervention (PCI) Improves Outcomes in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) Patients Receiving Coronary Angiography
Introduction: Acute coronary occlusion is common after OHCA. PCI may reduce subsequent cardiac death and improve cerebral perfusion thus improving outcomes. Recent studies suggest these benefits may be attenuated in patients with more severe brain injury.
Hypothesis: PCI will more strongly associate with improved outcome than just coronary angiography (CA) after OHCA with loss of association in those with greatest brain injury.
Methods: In subjects with OHCA with unclear arrest etiology, we examined the association between CA (with or without PCI) and PCI with 1) hospital survival; 2) discharge cerebral performance category (CPC); 3) discharge modified Rankin scale (mRS); 4) discharge destination. All outcomes were dichotomized and associations adjusted for propensity to perform 1) CA and 2) PCI based on associated pre-CA factors. This analysis was repeated after stratifying the cohort based on early brain injury as measured by Pittsburgh Cardiac Arrest Category (PCAC) dichotomized as PCAC 4 (severe injury) and PCAC 1-3 (mild to moderate).
Results: Early (<24 h) CA was performed in 284/600 (47%) OHCA and PCI in 151/284 CA (53%). In unadjusted analysis, performance of both CA and PCI was strongly associated with improved outcomes (all p < 0.0001). Adjustment based on propensity to perform CA reduced the average treatment effect (ATE) to a non-significant 7-8% trend whereas adjustment based on propensity to perform PCI demonstrated a highly significant ATE of ~14-15% (p < 0.01) whereas those with less severe brain injury had trends to benefit with CA, which became significant (most p<0.01) with PCI.
Conclusion: Early selection for CA of OHCA survivors likely to require PCI without severe brain injury is associated with substantial outcome benefits. The observed treatment effect is significantly reduced in patients with early signs of significant brain injury.
Author Disclosures: M.G. Scutella: None. F. Pike: None. J. Fitzgibbon: None. L. Kowalski: None. C. Callaway: None. J. Rittenberger: None. J. Reynolds: None. C. Dezfulian: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Ikaria/Mallinkrodt.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.