Abstract 15618: Anatomy Does Matter: The Relationship Between Catheter-Tissue Contact Force and Anatomical Variations of Left Atrium
Background: Adequate catheter-to-myocardial contact force (CF) and catheter stability are important to create transmural lesions during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). It is known that there are anatomical variations in left atrium (LA) and it is related to the outcome after the ablation. We tested any relationship between the CF and LA anatomical variations.
Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing radiofrequency-based extensive encircling pulmonary vein (PV) isolation for the treatment of paroxysmal AF were dichotomized according to the LA anatomical variations; patients who had a PV-bifurcation region of LA ridge that was steep enough to enable a stable catheter-tip contact or a left common PV (group 1, the red arrows in Figure 1), or those who had neither (group 2, the blue arrows in Figure 1). The blinded operators carried out the procedure with the use of CARTO system, and the following VisiTag™ module setting was applied; a minimum time spent in an area of 5 seconds, a maximum distance the catheter has moved of 4mm, a force over time of 25%, and a minimum force of 10g. Low-CF tags was defined as ablation tags on CARTO map located at anterior aspect of left PVs that did not fulfill the pre-determined VisiTag™ criteria. The endpoints were the number of low-CF tags and freedom from AF 1 year after the ablation.
Results: Patients in group 1 (n=31) had a smaller number of low-CF tags than those in group 2 (n=55, 2.8±2.1 vs. 5.9±3.8; p=0.013). Freedom from AF was more common in group 1 compared to group 2 (80.6% vs. 60%; p=0.04), and was independently associated with the number of low-CF of <3 (hazard ratio 2.4, confidence interval 1.12-6.87; p=0.026).
Conclusions: Contact of the catheter-tip with the tissue may predict outcome after AF ablation, and it may depend on LA anatomical variations.
Author Disclosures: A. Sairaku: None. Y. Nakano: None. K. Suenari: None. Y. Kihara: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.