Abstract 15581: Nocturnal Blood Pressure is Associated With Localized Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Defects on Optical Coherence Tomography
Introduction: Retinal damages have been suggested a surrogate marker of end-organ damage and prognostic marker in hypertensive patients. Recent study reported that localized retinal nerve fiber layer defects (RNFLDs) assessed by noninvasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) was related to the degree of hypertension severity and cerebrovascular disease.
Purpose: We hypothesize that RNFLDs are related to the parameters of 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM).
Methods: RNFLDs were assessed by retinal OCT in 562 consecutive subjects enrolled in Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center - HIgh Risk Cohort (CMERC-HI, NCT02003781). We excluded the patients with glaucoma, which known to be related to RNFLD independently of cardiovascular risk factors.
Results: RNFLD was found in 129 (23.0%) patients. In patients with RNFLD, there were higher proportion of men, higher prevalence of hypertension, higher glucose levels and lower HDL-cholesterol levels. The RNFLD patients had higher 24 hour mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP, 133±16/80±9 vs. 129±13/78±8, p=0.022/p=0.015, respectively) and nocturnal mean SBP/DBP (124±19/74±9 vs. 120±15/72±9, p=0.013/p=0.010, respectively) compared to those without RNFLD. Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that RNFLD was independently associated with nocturnal mean SBP after controlling for age, gender, diabetes mellitus, smoking, body mass index, brachial systolic blood pressure, heart rate, estimated glomerular filtration rate, heart to femoral pulse wave velocity (β=0.093, p=0.036, R2=0.263).
Conclusion: We reported that RNFLD on OCT was related to nocturnal blood pressure in 24 hour ABPM for the first time. Further studies which validate RNFLD as a cardiovascular surrogate and risk marker should be warranted.
Author Disclosures: H. Yu: None. J. Oh: None. J. Shin: None. S. Byeon: None. S. Park: None. S. Lee: None. S. Kang: None. D. Choi: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.