Abstract 15507: CPR Education in Middle School Students During Physical Education Class
Introduction: AHA advocates for CPR education as a required element of the secondary school curriculum. Unfortunately, many states have not adopted CPR education as part of their standard curriculum. Our aim was to investigate a low-cost, and time effective method to educate students on Basic life Support (BLS) during a physical education (PE) class, including evaluation of the use of re-education.
Hypothesis: We hypothesize that a 45 minute BLS class during PE class is sufficient to provide with CPR and AED knowledge and skills.
Methods: This is a prospective, randomized study. The study included forty one 8th grade students in an Alachua County Middle School in Gainesville, Florida. Education was performed by an AHA-certified provider during a 45 minute PE class. Education was limited to chest compressions and the usage of an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED). Students were randomized into two groups; one group received repeat education at two months post-initial education, while the second group did not. Students had a skills and knowledge test administered pre- and post-education, given after initial education and repeated two and four months later to assess retention. Total scores were compared between pre- and post- education, as well as between groups.
Results: There was a significant difference in CPR skills and knowledge when comparing pre- and post-education results for all time-points (p<0.001). When assessing retention, no significant difference in mean total scores was observed between the initial post-education as compared to two and four months (p>0.1). Mean total scores compared between groups showed no statistical significance of re-education. However, a statistical significance was noted for AED usage in the repeat education group.
Conclusions: Our study indicates significant increase in CPR knowledge and skills following a one-time 45 minute session. Repeat education may be useful as a yearly event, but would need further investigation. If schools across the United States invested one 45-60 minute period a year for each school year, this would ensure widespread CPR knowledge with minimal cost and loss of school time.
Author Disclosures: K. Watanabe: None. D. Lopez-Colon: None. J.J. Shuster: None. J. Philip: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.