Abstract 15492: Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Characterizing Presentation, Management, and Outcomes at a Large Referral Cardiovascular Center
Introduction: Non-atherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) primarily affects women and may be associated with arteriopathies such as fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). We aimed to describe patient characteristics, management, and outcome of SCAD at a large referral center.
Methods: We queried our institutional cardiac cath database for SCAD diagnoses from 2000-2014. The electronic medical record was also queried for consecutive SCAD patients seen in a specialty arteriopathy clinic from 2010-2015. Details regarding presentation, treatment, and outcome of SCAD were collected. Trends in management over two time periods (2000-2009, 2010-2015) were compared.
Results: There were 96 SCAD events in 75 patients (16 patients had one recurrence, one had three events, and one had four distinct events). Mean age at presentation was 47 years, 83% were female, and 84% presented with ACS. The LAD was the most commonly affected vessel (54%). Most SCAD events were treated medically (52%). Of 41 events treated with PCI, 19 were complicated by hematoma extension. Four PCI patients required subsequent CABG. Imaging of other arterial beds increased over time, with 2/3 patients receiving vascular ultrasound to evaluate for renal or carotid FMD in the more recent time period (Table). Of those evaluated for FMD, 45% had imaging findings compatible with multifocal FMD. Significant carotid tortuosity was present in 38%, with four demonstrating a classic “S surve” appearance recently shown to be a variant presentation of FMD. All patients survived to index hospitalization discharge, however, 24% of patients had at least one recurrence.
Conclusions: SCAD affects predominantly young females and often manifests as ACS. Findings of FMD or carotid tortuosity are frequent and recognition of SCAD as a potential manifestation of FMD is increasing in our institution. In support of other reports, recurrence of SCAD is not rare and PCI attempts are complicated nearly half of the time.
Author Disclosures: D.M. Shivapour: None. P. Erwin: None. H.L. Gornik: None. E.S. Kim: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.