Abstract 15163: Recent Trends in Atrial Fibrillation and Short Term Outcomes Following Acute Myocardial Infarction : A Population Based Perspective
Introduction: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common complication during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with AMI.However, there is limited information on contemporary trends in the incidence of AF in patients admitted with AMI and its impact on clinically relevant in-hospital and post-discharge outcomes.
Methods: We examined trends in AF complicating AMI using data from the Worcester Heart Attack Study. The study population consisted of 6384 residents of Worcester, Massachusetts hospitalized with AMI for 7 biennial years from 1999 to 2011. Data was abstracted through the review of hospital medical records. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between occurrence of AF and various in-hospital complications.
Results: Overall incidence of AF complicating AMI was 10.8 %. The rate increased in the first half of the study period from 1999 to 2003 and declined thereafter .In models adjusting for other factors associated with adverse outcomes following AMI, we noted that compared to patients who did not develop AF, those who developed AF following AMI were at a higher risk of developing stroke [OR 2.53, 95 % CI 1.56 to 4.13], heart failure [OR 1.56, 95 % CI 1.31 to 1.87], and cardiogenic shock [OR 3.72, 95 % CI 2.82 to 4.90]. All-cause mortality during hospitalization was higher in those who developed AF[ OR 2.34, 95 % CI 1.87 to 2.94 ]; as was 30 day post discharge mortality [OR 1.29, 95 % CI 0.90 to 1.86] and 30 day post discharge readmission rate [OR 1.37, 95 % CI 1.09 to 1.72].
Conclusion: Our findings show that despite advancements in the treatment of AMI and reduced in-hospital mortality over the last 2 decades, new-onset AF remains common and related to multiple in-hospital and post-discharge adverse outcomes. Increased in-hospital monitoring and short-term post-discharge surveillance appears warranted for patients who develop AF in the context of AMI.
Author Disclosures: A. Kundu: None. A. Shaikh: None. D. Lessard: None. J. Saczynski: None. J. Yarzebski: None. C. Darling: None. R. Thabet: None. R. Goldberg: None. D. McManus: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.