Abstract 14902: The Introduction of Novel Oral Anticoagulants Has Improved Overall Oral Anticoagulation Rates in Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the NCDR PINNACLE Registry
Introduction: For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) provide effective alternatives to warfarin. However, a better understanding is needed of how the introduction of NOAC therapy has improved use of any oral anticoagulation (OAC) for patients with AF.
Methods: Within the NCDR PINNACLE registry, we identified 447,770 patients comprising 1,428,660 outpatient encounters with non-valvular AF and CHADS-VASc >1 between April 1, 2008 and September 30, 2014. We examined use of any OAC, any NOAC, and of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban individually over time. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with any OAC and NOAC use at the end of the study period, including CHADS-VASc score, age, weight, CAD, PAD, dyslipidemia, stroke/TIA, heart failure, gender, hypertension, and diabetes.
Results: Use of any OAC increased from 52.1 to 61.2% during the study period among patients without a documented contraindication (p for trend <0.01) (Figure). Although warfarin use decreased from 52.1% to 36.8% (p for trend <0.01), use of NOACs increased from 0% to 24.4% (p for trend <0.01). Rivaroxaban was the most frequently prescribed NOAC at the end of the study period (12.1%), followed by dabigatran (6.6%), and apixaban (5.7%). Patient factors associated with use of OAC and NOACs are presented in the Table.
Conclusions: In a large U.S. outpatient registry, introduction of NOACs into clinical practice has improved the use of any OAC for AF patients at high risk for stroke. However, more than 1 in 3 high risk patients without a documented contraindication were not treated with any OAC.
Author Disclosures: L.N. Marzec: None. K.L. Gosch: None. P.S. Chan: None. H.H. Ting: None. N.D. Shah: None. T.M. Maddox: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.