Abstract 14711: Effect of Release of the First Pediatric Appropriate Use Criteria on Outpatient Transthoracic Echocardiogram Ordering Practice
Background: The first pediatric appropriate use criteria (PAUC) were recently published for initial outpatient transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). We sought to determine the effect of release of the PAUC on the appropriateness of TTE ordering patterns of pediatric cardiologists.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected from patients having initial outpatient TTE ordered prior to (Phase I, 6 mo) and 3 months after release (Phase II, 4 mo) of PAUC. Site-investigators determined the indication of the study and assigned appropriateness rating based on the PAUC document [Appropriate (A), May Be Appropriate (M), or Rarely Appropriate (R)] or "Unclassifiable" (U).
Results: A total of 4562 TTEs (2655 Phase I, 1907 Phase II) were ordered by 103 physicians at 6 sites. Overall comparison of appropriateness rating for Phase I and II showed no change in the rate for A or M, but a decline in the rate of R and increase in U. Similar results were noted when comparisons were made for physicians that ordered at least 20 TTEs during each phase (N = 30/103, 29%), Table 1. There was no change in any appropriateness rating at 3 sites, a decline in R at 2, an increase in A at 1, and an increase in U at 2 sites. Overall and site-specific comparisons of rate of R TTEs are shown in Fig 1.
Conclusions: The release of PAUC document had only a small impact on physician ordering behavior for initial TTEs, including a small decrease in R. Overall, these data suggest that more focused interventions are required to fully implement guideline recommendations and improve the appropriate use of pediatric TTE. This information should be helpful in designing educational interventions to reduce the rate of TTEs ordered for R indications.
Author Disclosures: R. Sachdeva: None. M.S. Kelleman: None. C. McCracken: None. J. Allen: None. O. Benavidez: None. R.M. Campbell: None. P.S. Douglas: None. B.W. Eidem: None. L. Gold: None. L. Lopez: None. K.W. Stern: None. R.B. Weiner: None. E. Welch: None. W.W. Lai: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.