Abstract 14682: Impact of Life-Style Change on the Arrhythmia Status in Patients With Long-Standing Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
Background: Aggressive life-style changes by reversing obesity reportedly cause significant decrease in arrhythmia burden and symptom severity, thereby reducing or eliminating the need for arrhythmia medications in AF patients. However, these observations were documented in populations comprised primarily of paroxysmal and persistent AF patients. This study investigated the impact of lifestyle changes on AF status and quality of life (QoL) in long-standing persistent (LSPAF) patients.
Methods: Fifty-two LSPAF patients [age 64±10 years, 71% male, weight 256 (IQR 216 -342) lb.] were included in this prospective analysis. Subjects that volunteered to try weight-loss interventions undertook aggressive diet and exercise measures for 1 year while remaining on anti-arrhythmic drugs. They received Individualized diet menus prepared by experienced nutritionists to achieve targeted weight loss and were prescribed moderate-intensity exercise; 150 minutes/week of brisk walking (15 minutes a mile) or bicycling slower than 10 miles per hour. At the beginning and end of the intervention period, body weight was measured; arrhythmia status was evaluated by ECG, Holter and Atrial Fibrillation Symptom Severity (AFSS) survey and QoL was assessed by SF-36 survey. A scoring algorithm with two summary measures, PCS and MCS was prepared for QoL analysis.
Results: After 1-year of intervention, significant reduction in body weight (median -54 (IQR -42 to -120) lb., p<0.001) was observed. Also, the PCS and MCS scores demonstrated substantial improvement with a change from baseline of 8.4±3 (p=0.013) and 12.8±8.2 (p <0.02) respectively. However, no such impact was observed on the AF symptoms. Two (3.8%) and 3(5.8%) patients were asymptomatic, 18(34.6%) and 15(28.8%) had mild, 28(53.8%) and 31(56.9%) had moderate, and 4(7.7%) and 3(5.8%) patients experienced severe symptoms, pre- and post-intervention respectively (p=0.85). Similarly, very little change in AF burden was observed at the end of the intervention. All patients underwent catheter ablation for AF, eventually.
Conclusions: In LSPAF patients, aggressive life-style changes lead to considerable weight-loss and improvement in quality of life. However, substantial weight loss does not alter the AF status.
Author Disclosures: S. Mohanty: None. P. Mohanty: None. C. Trivedi: None. C. Gianni: None. M.F. Gunes: None. Y. Gokoglan: None. A. Al-Ahmad: None. J. Burkhardt: None. J. Sanchez: None. R. Horton: None. P. Hranitzky: None. G.J. Gallinghouse: None. S. Hao: None. R. Hongo: None. L. Di Biase: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Biosense-Webster, Hansen Medical, St. Jude Medical, Atricure, Inc, EpiEP. A. Natale: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Biosense Webster, St. Jude Medical, Medtronic, Inc., boston scientific corp..
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.