Abstract 14680: Evaluation of the Protective Effects of Long-term Doxycycline Treatment on Progression of Marfan-associated Aortic Aneurysm by High-resolution Ultrasound Imaging
Introduction: Aortic aneurysm is the most life-threatening complication in Marfan syndrome (MFS), a connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in fibrillin-1 gene. We have previously reported that doxycycline, an antibiotic and a general inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), could improve aortic contractility and elastin fibers structure and organization in a mouse model of MFS. However, the in vivo effects of MMPs inhibition on the progression of aneurysm and pulse wave velocity (PWV) have not been investigated. In this study, we assessed the hypothesis that a long-term treatment with a sub-antibiotic dose of doxycycline would delay the progression of aortic aneurysm and improve the PWV in the Marfan mouse.
Methods: In this study, we have used a high-resolution, high-contrast ultrasound imaging technique to conduct a longitudinal study in order to measure aortic diameter (dilatation) and PWV (indication of aortic elasticity/stiffness) in the animals. Marfan (n=12) and control (n=13) mice were given a sub-antibiotic dose of doxycycline in their drinking water at a concentration of 0.24 g/L/day beginning at 6 weeks of age, whereas another group of Marfan (n=12) and control (n=12) mice were given plain drinking water for comparison. At 3, and 6 months of age, aortic diameter and PWV of the experimental animals were measured by ultrasound imaging.
Results: At 3 months of age, measurement of aortic root diameter showed significant dilatation in both treated and non-treated Marfan mice as compared to control groups (p < 0.01). However, at 6 months of age, the aortic root diameter in treated Marfan mice was not different from those in controls. The same observation was made for the Sinus of Valsalva region. Especially in this region, treated Marfan aorta showed significantly reduced diameter compared to non-treated Marfan groups (p < 0.05). With respect to the measurement of PWV, a significant increase was observed in 3- and 6-month Marfan mice aorta vs. control (p < 0.01). Interestingly, doxycycline treatment normalized the PWV in 6-month old Marfan mice compared to non-treated Marfan aorta.
Conclusions: Our findings show that long-term doxycycline treatment has protective effects in terms of reduction of aortic dilatation and stiffness in Marfan mice.
Author Disclosures: J.Z. Cui: None. L. Lee: None. X. Sheng: None. G.F. Tibbits: None. C. van Breemen: None. M. Esfandiarei: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.