Abstract 14366: T-lymphocytes May Contribute to Thrombus Formation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome via Expression of Tissue Factor
Background: Activation of T-cells plays an important role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We have previously shown that plaques from ACS patients are characterized by a selective oligoclonal expansion of T-cells, indicating a specific, antigen-mediated recruitment of T-cells within the unstable lesions. We have also previously reported that activated T-cells in vitro express functional Tissue Factor (TF) on their surface. At the moment, however it is not known whether expression of TF by T-cells may contribute to thrombus formation in vivo.
Methods: Blood was collected from the aorta and the coronary sinus of 13 NSTEMI and 10 stable CAD patients. CD3+ cells were selectively isolated and TF gene expression (real time PCR)and protein levels (western blot) were evaluated. In additional 7 STEMI patients, thrombotic formation material was obtained from the occluded coronary artery by catheter aspiration during primary PCI. TF expression in CD3+ cells was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy.
Results: Transcardiac TF expression in CD3+ cells was significantly higher in NSTEMI patients as compared to CD3+ cells obtained from stable CAD patients. Interestingly, thrombi aspirated from STEMI patients resulted enriched in CD3+cells, which expressed TF on their surface as shown in the figure.
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that in patients with ACS, T-lymphocytes may express surface TF, thus contributing to the process of thrombus formation. This finding may shed new light into the pathophysiologyof ACS.
Author Disclosures: G. Cimmino: None. G. Ciccarelli: None. S. Conte: None. G. Pellegrino: None. L. Insabato: None. G. Calì: None. P. Cirillo: None. P. Golino: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.