Abstract 14317: Kvβ2 Mediates Cardiac Repolarization and Injury: Role of Pyridine Nucleotides
Background: Voltage-gated potassium channel (Kv) β2 subunits (Kvβ2) belong to the aldoketo-reductase superfamily and associate with the Kv channel modulating its function. Also, Kvβ2 binds pyridine nucleotides (NAD[P]+/NAD[P]H) with high affinity altering Kv channel gating. However, the physiological relevance of Kvβ2 in cardiac health and disease is unknown. Hypothesis: We tested the hypothesis that Kvβ2 is essential to both basal and pyridine nucleotide mediated regulation of cardiac repolarization. Methods and Results: Kvβ2 knockout (KO) and wild type (Wt) mice were utilized for this study. ECG analysis showed prolonged QTc interval (74.7± 3.7 vs. 65.6 ± 3, n=3, p<0.05) in KO mice when compared to Wt. Monophasic action potential (MAP) data also showed prolonged duration (ms) at 50% repolarization level in KO mouse hearts vs. Wt (MAPD50; 13.2 ± 0.3 vs. 9.7 ± 0.6, n=5-6, p<0.05). To test the obligatory role of Kvβ2 in pyridine nucleotide modulation of cardiac repolarization, we exposed ex vivo perfused hearts or isolated cardiomyocytes to higher lactate levels. These data revealed that acute lactate exposure leads to significant but similar raise in NADH concentration [NADH]iin both KO and Wt heart tissue. However, marked repolarization deficits appeared only in Wt group when tested utilizing ex vivo perfused hearts (MAPD50 - Wt:11.5 ± 0.7 vs. 8.3 ± 0.5, p<0.05; KO:12.6 ± 0.7 vs. 12± 0.5, p=0.5, ms) or isolated myocytes (ΔAPD50 – Wt: 4.7±1.6 ms, p<0.05; KO:1.5 ± 0.7 ms, p=0.1). Perfusion with high pyruvate levels returned both [NADH]i and MAPD50 to basal levels in Wt mouse hearts. Similarly, we observed that a 14 day isoproterenol treatment also leads to significant increase in cardiac [NADH]i, but only the Wt mouse hearts showed significant repolarization deficits; ex-MAPD50 (5.5 ± 1.6, p< 0.01), when compared to no changes in KO (1.9 ± 0.9, p< 0.1). Conclusions: Our results suggest that Kvβ2 regulates cardiac repolarization. Further, the differential repolarization changes despite similar increases in cardiac [NADH]i indicates an obligatory role of Kvβ2 in the pyridine nucleotide modulation of cardiac repolarization.
Author Disclosures: K.C. Chapalamadugu: None. J. Tur: None. J. Cuevas: None. C. Katnik: None. S.M. Tipparaju: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.