Abstract 14274: Characteristics and Natural History of Hospitalized Heart Failure Patients With Diabetes Mellitus: Preserved versus Reduced Ejection Fraction
Introduction: Among those hospitalized with heart failure, diabetes (DM) is a common comorbid condition and the population characteristics and natural history of those with preserved EF (HFpEF) versus those with reduced EF (HFrEF) remain undefined.
Hypothesis: To determine the epidemiologic profile and natural history among those hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF) with DM and compare outcomes of those with reduced versus preserved EF.
Methods: A retrospective chart analysis of adults hospitalized with primary ICD diagnosis of AHF from Olmsted County hospitalized from 2005 - 2008, with follow up until 2013. Demographic, clinical and lab data were collected.
Results: Of 912 subjects hospitalized with AHF, 381 (42%) had DM. Among subjects with AHF and DM, those with HFrEF were similar in age to those with HFpEF (76.3±11.7 years vs 78.3±11.2 years, p=0.12), but were more likely to be male (58% vs 37%, p<0.001). Those with DM and HFrEF compared to HFpEF had less hypertension (95% vs 99%, p=0.046), but more coronary artery disease (89% vs 75%, p<0.001), prior myocardial infarction (65% vs 33%, p<0.001), and higher BNP values (1155±906 pg/mL vs 676±568 pg/mL, p<0.001). E/e’ ratio was similar in those with DM and HFrEF versus HFpEF (22.6±10.4 vs 21.7±10.9, p=0.49), suggesting both groups had increased filling pressures. There was no difference in mortality between the HFrEF and HFpEF groups up to 5 years in either the DM group (p=0.46) or the non-DM group (p=0.11). However, those hospitalized with AHF and DM demonstrated a higher rate in those with HFrEF versus HFpEF groups in all cause rehospitalization (p=0.019) and heart failure rehospitalization (p=0.008). This was different from the non-DM group, where there was no difference between HFrEF and HFpEF in all cause hospitalization (p=0.31) or heart failure rehospitalization (p=0.19).
Conclusions: In patients hospitalized for AHF with DM, those with HFrEF had increased all cause and heart failure hospitalization as compared to HFpEF. In contrast, subjects without DM had no differences in rehospitalization between the HFrEF and HFpEF groups. Further studies are warranted to define pathophysiological mechanism for this observation.
- Acute Heart Failure
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
- Heart Failure Hospitalization
Author Disclosures: S. Wan: None. J.P. Slusser: None. D.O. Hodge: None. H.H. Chen: Ownership Interest; Modest; Co founder of Zumbro Discovery. Other; Modest; Patent designer natriuretic peptides.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.