Abstract 14229: Accurate Infarct Identification by Combined Electromechanical Mapping and Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Improve the Targeting of Intramyocardial Injections in a Porcine Model of Chronic Myocardial Infarction
Introduction: For optimal success of cardiac regenerative therapy intramyocardial catheter guided stem cell transplantations are performed in infarct border zone areas i.e. the closest region of viable myocardium in the vicinity of the infarct area. To optimize the therapeutic effect this area should be accurately identified. The gold standard technique to determine the infarct size and location is late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) MRI. Nevertheless, the NOGA®XP electromechanical mapping (EMM) system is used to guide injections to the infarct border zone. Since EMM is expensive, time consuming and has a low spatial resolution, we have developed a practical and accurate technique to fuse the NOGA®XP electromechanical maps with LGE-MRI to guide injections based on high resolution MRI data.
Methods: LGE-MRI and EMM were obtained in 17 pigs with chronic myocardial infarction. MRI and EMM datasets were registered using our in-house developed 3D CartBox image registration software toolbox. Comparisons between MRI and EMM were performed to assess: 1) feasibility of the 3D CartBox fusion technique, 2) the EMM values measured in the areas with a distinct infarct transmurality (IT).
Results: Registration was successful in all datasets, and resulted in a mean error of 3.01±1.94mm between the MRI mesh and EMM points (Fig 1A). The highest sensitivity and specificity to identify infarct border zone of 50% IT was found for bipolar voltage between 1.2 and 1.7mV (Fig 1B).
Conclusions: Our new 3D CartBox image registration toolbox enables real time registration of the EMM on MRI during the injection procedure. The optimal spatial resolution and the instant visualization of the MRI images enables users to easily guide injections to the most optimal injection location for cardiac regenerative therapy based on the gold standard infarct imaging technique. This technique allows physicians to harness the full therapeutic effect of the therapy.
Author Disclosures: R. van Es: None. F.J. van Slochteren: Research Grant; Significant; ZonMW LSH MIGRATE consortium. Ownership Interest; Significant; CART-Tech. M. Gyöngyösi: Research Grant; Significant; FIBROTARGET EU Grant, SCIENCE EU Grant, OTKA-FWF Grant, LIFEVALVE EU Grant. T.I. van der Spoel: None. S. Koudstaal: None. T. Leiner: None. P.A. Doevendans: None. S.A. Chamuleau: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.