Abstract 13643: Impact of Aortic Valve Repair and Valve-sparing Procedures on the Mitral Annular Geometry Assessed by 3-dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography
Background: Annular non-planarity, the "saddle-shape" of the mitral valve (MV) annulus, plays a role in minimizing leaflet stress and preserving valve function. Aortic valve (AV) repair/sparing procedures are increasingly used to treat aortic regurgitation (AR). The impact of these procedures on MV geometry and function is unknown.
Methods: 2D and 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) of the MV was acquired pre-operatively and immediately after surgery in 30 patients with severe AR and/or aortic root dilatation (Group 1 (n=10): bicuspid AV undergoing AV repair and valve-sparing root replacement with AV reimplantation; Group 2 (n=10): tricuspid AV undergoing AV repair and AV reimplantation; Group 3 (n=10): isolated AV cusp repair) and in 10 controls (Group 4). MV morphology was assessed by dedicated quantification software (fig. 1).
Results: Comorbidities were similar in all groups. Groups 1, 2 and 3 had increased LV end-diastolic volumes compared to group 4 (214±90, 193±56, 180±55 vs. 86± 28ml for groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively; p<0.001); LVEF was similar (59.5 ± 6.2%). The baseline dimensions of the ventriculo-aortic junction and sinuses of Valsalva were larger in groups 1 and 2 vs. groups 3 and 4 (p<0.0001). AV and MV parameters are summarized (table). Pre-operative MV parameters did not differ from those of normal subjects. The annular height and annular height to commissural width ratio (AHCWR) significantly decreased after surgery in groups 1 and 2, as did the tenting area. Significant changes in the coaptation depth and mitro-aortic angle were only found in group 1.
Conclusions: AV repair/sparing procedures alter the MV geometry, including the non-planarity of the annulus and the depth of coaptation of the leaflets, especially among patients with a bicuspid AV undergoing AV reimplantation. These alterations could have long-term implications on MV function.
Author Disclosures: M. Page: None. M. Laflamme: None. C. De Meester: None. M. Amzulescu: None. L. De Kerchove: None. G. El Khoury: None. A. Pasquet: None. J. Vanoverschelde: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.