Abstract 13556: Elderly Patients Receiving Durable LVAD Support: Insights and Outcomes
Introduction: Age ≥ 70 is used to exclude patients from cardiac transplantation. Elderly patients may be offered left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy as an alternative. It remains poorly defined how they respond to LVAD support.
Hypothesis: Elderly patients have LVAD outcomes that are non-inferior to younger patients.
Methods: Data on 1,149 continuous-flow LVAD recipients from May 2004 to May 2015 was pooled from the Mechanical Circulatory Support Research Network (MCSRN). Groups were assigned based on Age ≥ 70 (n = 163) and < 70 (n = 986).
Results: Patients age ≥ 70 were more likely to be male (91%), have an ischemic cardiomyopathy (71%), atrial fibrillation (41%), hypertension (66%), diabetes (38%) and prior sternotomy (45%). Older patients also had a lower BMI and higher creatinine, 26.7 ± 0.4 v. 29.9 ± 0.5 and 1.46 ± 0.04 v. 1.35 ± 0.02, p < 0.05. The hazard ratio for mortality was highest in elderly patients in the early post-operative period and stabilized over time with no long-term differences in survival, p = 0.18, Figure 1a. Elderly patients had equivalent rates of device thrombosis and stroke, p = 0.47 and 0.44, Figures 1b-c. Survival free of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) at 1-year was 58% in elderly patients compared to 69% in younger patients, Figure 1d, p < 0.01. Multivariate cox regression revealed that age ≥ 70 was not a significant predictor of mortality (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.69 - 1.25, p = 0.62), but pre-operative creatinine (HR 1.54, 95% CI 1.28 - 1.86, p < 0.01) and bilirubin (HR 1.2, 95% CI 1.03 - 1.4, p = 0.02) were. When age was considered a continuous variable, the HR was 1.2 (95% CI 1.07 - 1.3 per 10y, p < 0.01).
Conclusions: Elderly patients, age ≥ 70, have equivalent long-term survival after LVAD implantation with similar rates of device thrombosis and stroke. Rates of GIB were higher in the elderly and this finding warrants caution when choosing anti-coagulation protocols in the elderly. Overall age ≥ 70 does not portend a poorer survival after LVAD implant.
Author Disclosures: P. Shah: None. F.D. Pagani: None. S.S. Desai: Speakers Bureau; Modest; Thoratec and Heartware. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Thoratec and Heartware. A. Rongione: None. S. Maltais: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Thoratec and Heartware. N.A. Haglund: None. S.M. Dunlay: None. K.D. Aaronson: Research Grant; Significant; Thoratec and Heartware. J.M. Stulak: None. M. Davis: None. C. Salerno: None. J.A. Cowger: Research Grant; Modest; Thoratec and Heartware.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.