Abstract 13551: Invasive Hemodynamic Assessment of Cardiac Output State After MitraClip Therapy
Introduction: MitraClip therapy has become a therapeutic alternative for high surgical risk patients with symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR). There are limited data about early and no data about later hemodynamic consequences after MR correction and about the impact of elimination of regurgitant flow on cardiac output state .
Methods: We studied invasive hemodynamic parameters before operation (conscious non-sedated patients, T1), immediately after MitraClip implantation (still under general anaesthesia, T2) and on day 1 (late) after procedure (conscious, extubated patients, T3) using right heart cathetrization.
Results: Of 25 MitraClip patients (72% male; mean age 70y) with functional MR, in 20 were performed invasive measurements in all time points. MitraClip implantation resulted in an increase in cardiac index (CI) from 1.8±0.5 (T1) to 2.4±0.5(T2) and to 3.2±0.5 L/min/m2 (T3), in a decrease in systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) from 3759±847 (T1) to 2508±551 (T2) and to 1679±360 dyn.s.cm-5/m2 (T3), in a decreese in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) from 17±5 (T1) to 13±5(T2) and to 10±4mmHg(T3), in a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) from 598±362 (T1) to 532±260 (T2) and to 363±184 dyn.s.cm-5/m2 (T3), (all p<0.05).
Conclusion: MR reduction after successful MitraClip implantation significantly increases CI immediately (27%) and late (75%) and leads to concomitant decrease in SVRI, PVRI and PCWP immediately (33%, 11% and 25%) and late (55%, 39% and 41%) after procedure. No patients showed worsening of cardiac output state immediately (T2) and late (T3) after MR correction.
Author Disclosures: F. Bednar: None. V. Kocka: None. T. Budesinsky: None. H. Linkova: None. P. Tousek: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.