Abstract 13545: ST2 in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
Introduction: In vitro, ST2 is a marker of myocyte stress and inflammation but in vivo, there is no trans-cardiac ST2 concentration step-up to support cardiac ST2 activation in human heart failure (HF) calling into question the source of ST2 in HF. While ST2 is predictive of adverse outcomes in HF, the relationship between ST2 and key pathophysiologic domains in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is not well characterized.
Hypothesis: ST2 levels increase in proportion to the severity of left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction in HFpEF.
Methods: At enrollment, patients (n=174) from the RELAX trial testing sildenafil in HFpEF had serum ST2 levels measured and underwent assessment of pathophysiologic domains including congestion, cardiac structure and function, exercise performance (peak oxygen consumption (VO2)) and biomarkers of neurohumoral activation (NT-proBNP, aldosterone, endothelin-1), renal dysfunction (cystatin-C), fibrosis (pro-collagen III N-terminal peptide [NTP], C-telopeptide for type I collagen [CITP]), inflammation (high-sensitivity CRP [hsCRP]) and myocardial necrosis (high-sensitivity troponin-I [hsTnI]). Analysis adjusted for sex, a covariate associated with ST2 levels in normal persons.
Results: See table. ST2 was associated with greater congestion, worse right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and dysfunction, lower peak VO2 and biomarkers of neurohumoral activation, renal dysfunction, fibrosis and myocardial necrosis and tended to be associated with systemic inflammation (hsCRP). ST2 was not associated with LV structure or LV systolic or diastolic function.
Conclusions: In HFpEF, ST2 was associated with measures of right sided congestion, RV overload and dysfunction, exercise intolerance and other systemic markers of more advanced HF but not with LV structure or LV systolic or diastolic function. These data suggest that mechanisms distinct from LV stress stimulate ST2 activation in HFpEF.
Author Disclosures: O.F. AbouEzzeddine: None. P.M. McKie: None. S.M. Dunlay: None. S.R. Stevens: None. G.M. Felker: None. B.A. Borlaug: None. H.H. Chen: None. R.P. Tracy: None. E. Braunwald: None. M.M. Redfield: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.