Abstract 13543: Brain Injury in Adolescents With Single Ventricle Heart Disease Compared to Healthy Controls
Background: Adolescents with single ventricle heart disease (SVHD), who have undergone staged surgical palliation, have increased risk for neurocognitive deficits. However, the type and location of brain injury in SVHD adolescents remains unclear.
Purpose: Examine brain injury, using Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) based axial (gray matter injury) and radial diffusivity (white matter injury) procedures in adolescents with SVHD who have undergone surgical palliation compared to controls.
Methods: Six SVHD (age 16.2±1 years; 4 males; BMI 20±3.5 kg/m2), and 8 controls (age 16.2±1 years; 4 males; BMI 25.4±8.1 kg/m2) were examined via brain DTI on a 3T MRI. No subject had a history of prematurity, cardiac arrest, ECMO use, genetic syndrome, head trauma or severe developmental delays. Whole-brain axial/radial diffusivity maps were calculated. Statistics consisted of ANCOVA, with age and gender as covariates (uncorrected threshold, p < 0.005).
Results: Increased axial diffusivity in SVHD compared to controls were found in several brain sites that include frontal gyrus (p=.03), temporal gyrus (p=.01), parahippocampal gyrus (p=.008), occipital gyrus (p=.02), insular cortex (p=.04), cerebellar cortex (p=.004), pons (p=.02), and cingulate gyrus (p=.006) (Fig1). Increased radial diffusivity appeared in frontal gyrus (p=.01), cingulate gyrus (p=.001), corpus callosum (p=.04), cerebellum (p=.004), temporal gyrus (p=.004), parahippocampal gyrus (p=.004), and pons (p=.004) (Fig2).
Conclusions/Implications: Brain injury was more extensive in gray matter than white matter and was located in autonomic and cognitive areas of the brain in adolescents with SVCHD. These findings indicate that the neurocognitive deficits commonly reported in SVCHD are likely related to brain injury. Further investigation is needed to clarify these relationships and to evaluate potential interventions to repair and/or protect these brain regions in this high risk patient population.
Author Disclosures: N.A. Pike: None. S. Tummala: None. M.K. Poulsen: None. N.J. Halnon: None. A.B. Lewis: None. R. Kumar: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.