Abstract 13168: Food Quality Score and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease
Introduction: We have previously derived a food based diet quality score associated with weight change. In this analysis, we prospectively assessed the association between this score and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).
Methods: We followed 74,667 women in the Nurse’ Health Study (baseline age 35-55 y), 28,977 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (baseline age 50-72), and 92,513 women in the Nurses’ Health Study 2 (baseline age 25-42) without a history of cardiovascular disease for up to 26 years between 1984 and 2011. Diet was assessed up to 7 times using repeated food frequency questionnaires. We computed the Food Quality Score (FQS) for each individual. A higher FQS score represents a healthier diet. The association between the FQS and CHD risk was assessed using Cox proportional hazard model controlling for potential confounders. We also compared the strength of association of FQS with other diet quality scores.
Results: We ascertained 6497 incident CHD events, including 4594 nonfatal myocardial infarct (MI) and 2055 fatal cases. Comparing top to bottom deciles, the pooled RR was 0.66 (95% CI=0.58-0.74, p trend<0.001) for total CHD, 0.63 (0.54-0.73, p trend<0.001) for non-fatal MI, and 0.73 (0.59-0.90, p trend=0.001) for fatal MI. The association for CHD was significant in lean (BMI<25) and overweight (BMI>=25) individuals, those with or without a family history of MI, and physical activity above or below the median. When comparing the FQS with other diet quality scores that have previously been associated to lower CHD risk, one standard deviation increase in the FQS was not significantly different from the Alternate Mediterranean Diet score, the Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension score in its association with CHD risk.
Conclusion: A higher FQS was associated with lower CHD risk. The FQS was comparable to food and nutrient based diet quality score that have previously been associated with lower CVD risk and indicates a potential to develop a simple food only diet quality for public health applications of assessing diet quality.
Author Disclosures: T. Fung: None. A. Pan: None. T. Hou: None. D. Mozzafarian: None. S. Bhupathiraju: None. W. Willett: None. F. Hu: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.