Abstract 13134: Impact of the American Heart Association’s 2007 Guidelines on the Practice of Dental Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis in Olmsted County, Minnesota
Background: In 2007, the American Heart Association (AHA) infective endocarditis (IE) prevention guidelines recommended that antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures for the “moderate risk” (MR) group, which represented the bulk of patients who were to receive prophylaxis before 2007, be eliminated. This decision was met with much concern among some healthcare providers and that concern persists today. We therefore evaluated dental office records in Olmsted County (OC), Minnesota to determine whether patients included in the MR group continue to receive antibiotic prophylaxis despite the 2007 AHA recommendations.
Methods: Eligible patients include all adult (≥18 years) residents of OC, classified as having MR cardiac condition for IE (i.e. mitral valve prolapse [MVP], bicuspid aortic valve [BAV], hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy [HOCM], acquired valvular dysfunction [AVD]), with at least one dental visit between January 1, 2005 and June 1, 2015. Eight dental offices located within OC were sampled to identify both dental procedures and whether antibiotic prophylaxis was administered according to AHA guidelines.
Results: We identified 334 MR patients. Approximately 62% of MR patients received antibiotic prophylaxis prior to the change in AHA guidelines in 2007. There was a decrease to 7% post-2007 AHA guidelines (P<.001). The magnitude of decline was greater among visits for dental cleanings (from 63% to 6%), as compared to other invasive procedures (57% to 11%; P=0.003) (Figure 1). AVD was the most common cardiac condition (85%), followed by MVP (8%), and BAV (4%).
Conclusion: Following publication of the 2007 AHA IE prevention guidelines, there was a rapid, 9-fold decrease in antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with MR cardiac conditions who underwent invasive dental procedures in OC. These data are also critical as we attempt to evaluate the impact, if any, of this practice on the incidence of IE due to viridans group streptococci.
Author Disclosures: D.C. DeSimone: None. A. El Rafei: None. A.B. Carr: None. W.A. Rocca: None. J. St. Sauver: None. B.D. Lahr: None. J.M. Steckelberg: None. W.R. Wilson: None. L.M. Baddour: Other; Modest; UpToDate-Royalty payments, Massachusetts Medical Society-Editor in chief payments.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.