Abstract 12776: Long Term Mortality With Right Ventricular Apical Versus Septal Pacing
Introduction: Right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing appears to have detrimental effects on cardiac function and long term outcomes. Right ventricular non-apical (RVNA) pacing, especially in the septal position, has been postulated as an alternative that may lead to less morbidity and mortality. Prior studies have shown conflicting results and been limited by small numbers and short follow-up. We aimed to determine if right ventricular septal lead position was associated with a reduction in long-term mortality compared to RVA lead position.
Methods: Patients who underwent dual-chamber pacemaker implantation from 2004 through 2013 were evaluated for right ventricular lead position based on chest radiographs. Lead positions were divided in to apical or non-apical. Non-apical lead positions were subdivided to isolate a septal lead position group. Mortality was compared between these groups.
Results: During the study period, 3456 patients underwent dual-chamber pacemaker placement and had images appropriate for lead position evaluation. The group was 53.5% male with a mean age of 74 ± 13 years. RVNA lead position was found in 976 (28.2%) patients, including 243 (7.0%) with a septal position. There was no significant difference in age or prior heart failure diagnosis between groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis did not reveal a significant difference in mortality between patients with RVA versus RVNA lead position during 5 year follow-up (p = 0.82). However, septal lead position was associated with a significantly lower mortality compared with RVA position (p = 0.03) (figure).
Conclusions: Right ventricular septal lead position is associated with a lower long-term mortality than RVA lead position. This has substantial implications regarding the preferred site for ventricular pacing lead placement.
Author Disclosures: C.M. Witt: None. C.J. Lenz: None. H.H. Shih: None. E. Ebrille: None. A.N. Rosenbaum: None. H. Aung: None. M. van Zyl: None. K.K. Manocha: None. A.J. Deshmukh: None. D.O. Hodge: None. S.J. Asirvatham: None. C.J. McLeod: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.