Abstract 12414: The Impact of Frailty on Cause Specific Mortality Among Elderly Patients Undergoing PCI
Background: The presence of frailty increases the risk of long-term mortality for a myriad of reasons, but its association with cardiac-specific mortality among the elderly undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. We sought to determine the relationship between frailty and cause-specific (cardiac versus non-cardiac) mortality among elderly patients undergoing PCI.
Methods: A prospective cohort of elderly (>65 years) patients undergoing PCI at Mayo Clinic between October 2005 and September 2008 were tested for frailty using the Fried criteria. Vital status was prospectively monitored including evaluation of death certificates, telephone interviews and review of autopsy/medical records.
Results: Frailty data was obtained in 428 (84%) of 508 elderly patients (median age 74.2 years [SD 6.4, range 65-100]; 59% male). Of these, 92 (21%) patients were frail while 231 (54%) had intermediate frailty and 105(25%) were not frail. Frail patients were older than intermediate and non-frail patients (77.6 vs 74.3 vs 71.0 years; p<0.001) and had more comorbidities (mean Charlson index 4.6 vs 3.9 vs 2.8; p<0.001). There were 113 deaths (26% of cohort) during 5.1 median years of follow-up, of which 77 (68%) were classified as non-cardiac and 36 (32%) which were classified as cardiac. Frailty at baseline was associated with poor overall survival compared to non-frail patients (HR 6.1, 95% CI 3.2, 11.6; p<0.001). The estimated effect of frailty was nearly 3 times greater for cardiac mortality (HR 13.1, 95% CI 3.0, 57.0; p=0.001) than non-cardiac mortality (HR 4.6, 95% CI 2.2, 9.7; p<0.001). These findings remained significant following multivariable adjustment.
Conclusions: Frailty is common among elderly patients undergoing PCI and is associated with poor overall survival and both cardiac and non-cardiac causes of death.
Author Disclosures: N.M. Orme: None. R.J. Lennon: None. B.R. Lewis: None. R. Gulati: None. G. Sandhu: None. J. Spertus: None. V.L. Roger: None. M. Singh: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.