Abstract 12302: Mortality and Readmissions After Heart Failure Hospitalization in a Community Based Cohort: Estimating Risk Using the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE) Classification and Regression Tree (CART) Algorithm
Background: The Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry (ADHERE) Classification and Regression Tree (CART) algorithm is an accepted method to assess a heart failure (HF) patient’s risk of inpatient mortality based on the patient’s systolic blood pressure (≥115 vs. <115 mmHg), blood urea nitrogen (BUN; ≥43 vs. <43 mg/dL), and creatinine (≥2.75 vs. <2.75 mg/dL) at the time of admission. Whether the ADHERE CART algorithm identifies risk of longer term poor outcomes and is predictive in patients with systolic (EF < 50%) or diastolic (EF ≥ 50%) HF in the community is unclear.
Methods: We identified all hospitalizations for a primary diagnosis of HF occurring between 2000-2013 in a community-based cohort living within 40 miles of Rochester, MN. Outcomes including length of stay, in-hospital mortality, 30 and 90 day post-discharge mortality and readmission for any cause at 30 and 90 days were compared across the ADHERE CART risk groups using logistic regression for the entire cohort and separately for systolic (EF < 50%) and diastolic (EF ≥ 50%) HF.
Results: See Table. We examined 5,918 heart failure hospitalizations among 3,628 individual patients. Distribution of hospitalizations across the risk categories is shown in table. Length of stay, in-hospital mortality, 30 and 90 day mortality and 30 and 90 day readmission rates all increased with increasing ADHERE risk categories. Similar results were obtained separately for systolic and diastolic HF.
Conclusion: The ADHERE CART algorithm is simple, uses data universally available on admission, and identifies groups that differ substantially in their post-discharge adverse outcomes regardless of HF type (systolic vs diastolic) in the community. The ADHERE CART algorithm may inform clinical decision regarding advanced HF treatments, end-of-life planning and care transition services in patients hospitalized for HF in the community.
Author Disclosures: S. Win: None. I. Hussain: None. V. Hebl: None. M.M. Redfield: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.