Abstract 12238: Myocardial Injury Induces Renal Fibrosis and Dysfunction in Association With the Activation of Renal Apoptotic and TGF-Beta Molecular Pathways
Introduction: Human and experimental studies have suggested that a decline in renal function after myocardial infarction (MI), possibly due to the activation of adverse molecular pathways, contributes to heart failure (HF) progression and poor outcomes. The apoptosis and the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) pathways have been implicated in post-MI injury, however it is unclear if these 2 key pathways are activated post-MI in the kidney and may contribute to renal fibrosis and dysfunction.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that MI activates widespread renal apoptotic and TGF-beta related genes and is associated with renal fibrosis and dysfunction.
Methods: Wistar rats were randomized into two groups: Sham-operated (S; n=10) and MI (produced by left coronary artery ligation; n=10). Cardiorenal structure and function were assessed at 3 weeks and included mean arterial pressure (MAP), EF, GFR, renal blood flow (RBF), sodium (Na) excretion and renal fibrosis by picrosirius red staining. Microarray analysis (Affymetrix GeneChip Rat Genome) was performed on kidney cortex (KC) and medulla (KM) and focused on apoptotic and TGF-beta related genes. Data presented as mean±SE,*p<0.05.
Results: Experimental MI was characterized by a significant decrease in EF (S: 79±1, MI: 49±4 %*) and LV hypertrophy (S: 2.06±0.03, MI: 2.57±0.07 mg/g*), while MAP did not differ between groups. GFR and Na excretion were similar between the groups, however there was a significant decline in post-MI RBF (S: 14±1, MI: 8±1 ml/min*). Notably, after MI the KC (S: 1.3±0.3, MI: 3.4±0.8 %*) and KM (S: 1.0±0.3, MI: 11±2.8 %*) exhibited an increase in fibrosis. Microarray analysis revealed that 138 apoptotic and 15 TGF-beta pathway genes in the KC and 122 apoptotic and 10 TGF-beta pathway genes in the KM were significantly altered (1.5 fold, p<0.05) in the MI group.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that MI results in adverse renal fibrotic remodeling together with extensive modulation of apoptotic and TGF-beta pathways of which may contribute to post-MI renal dysfunction. This study suggests that therapies should target detrimental molecular pathways in the kidney as well the heart to prevent the progression of post-MI cardiorenal failure.
Author Disclosures: S.J. Sangaralingham: None. F.L. Martin: None. B.K. Huntley: None. T. Ichiki: None. H.H. Chen: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.