Abstract 12236: A Novel Particulate Guanylyl Cyclase B Agonist With Therapeutic Potential Targeting Fibrosis via cGMP Generation for Cardiorenal Disease
Introduction: Fibrosis is a hallmark of cardiorenal diseases, including heart failure, for which there are few effective therapies. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a cardiorenal-derived peptide whose mature active form, CNP-22, possesses potent anti-fibrotic actions through the activation of guanylyl cyclase receptor B (GC-B) and its second messenger, cGMP. However, CNP-22’s therapeutic potential is limited due to its short half-life. We recently identified a 53 amino acid (AA) peptide, CNP-53, whose structure consists of CNP-22 with an additional 31 AA on the N-terminus. Herein, we investigated the cGMP generating actions of CNP-53 (compared to CNP-22) in vivo and in vitro, with the goal of advancing a potential anti-fibrotic strategy for cardiorenal disease.
Hypotheses: We hypothesized that CNP-53 would elevate circulating CNP levels as well as have greater cGMP activating actions compared to CNP-22 in vivo. We also hypothesized that CNP-53 would stimulate GC-B specific cGMP production in vitro.
Methods: In vivo, two groups of anesthetized normal rats (n=8) received a 75-minute intravenous infusion of an equimolar dose of CNP-53 or CNP-22. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), plasma CNP and plasma and urinary cGMP were assessed. In vitro, HEK 293 cells over-expressing GC-A and GC-B and human fibroblasts (hFs), where GC-B is abundant, were stimulated with CNP-53 or CNP-22 for 10 minutes at a dose of (10-8M). Data are mean ± SE, *p<0.05.
Results: In vivo, plasma CNP (CNP-53: 311±66, CNP-22: 153±16 pg/ml*) and cGMP (CNP-53: 21±2, CNP-22: 11±1 pmol/ml*) and urinary cGMP excretion (CNP-53: 75±4, CNP-22: 38±1 pmol/min*) were greater with CNP-53 infusion than CNP-22. MAP was similar between the 2 groups (CNP-53: 85±2, CNP-22: 88±4 mmHg). In vitro, both CNP-53 and CNP-22 activated cGMP in GC-B HEK cells and in hFs, with no activation of cGMP in GC-A HEK cells.
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that CNP-53 is superior to CNP-22 in activating cGMP in vivo, without inducing hypotension. Additionally, CNP-53 is a GC-B specific cGMP activating peptide that potently increases cGMP in hFs. Thus, CNP-53 may represent a novel first in class GC-B agonist with therapeutic potential targeting fibrosis and preventing the progression of cardiorenal disease.
Author Disclosures: S.J. Sangaralingham: None. B.K. Huntley: None. T. Ichiki: None. G.E. Harders: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.