Abstract 12231: PECAM1 is Essential for Flow-mediated Gab1 Tyrosine Phosphorylation and Signaling in vitro and in vivo
Introduction: Impaired activation of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and ensued NO production is a common mechanism of various cardiovascular pathologies, including hypertension and atherosclerosis. Specific signaling cascades, generated by vascular endothelial cells (ECs) in response to laminar flow, modulate EC structure and functions, NO production in particular. We have previously shown that flow-stimulated Gab1 (Grb2-associated binder-1) tyrosine phosphorylation mediates eNOS activation. However, the upstream mechanism that regulates Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation remains unclear.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM1), a key molecule in an endothelial mechanosensing complex, specifically mediates Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation and its downstream Akt and eNOS activation in ECs upon flow rather than hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulation.
Methods: Western blot, en face staining and voluntary wheel running.
Results: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting PECAM1 abolished flow- but not HGF-induced Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation and Akt, eNOS activation as well as Gab1 membrane translocation. Protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, which has been shown to interact with Gab1, was involved in a flow signaling pathway as well as HGF-induced signaling, as SHP2 siRNA diminished the flow- and HGF-induced Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation, membrane localization and downstream signaling. Pharmacological inhibition of PI3K by LY294002 decreased flow, but not HGF-mediated Gab1 phosphorylation and membrane localization as well as eNOS activation. Finally, we observed that flow-mediated Gab1 and eNOS phosphorylation in vivo induced by voluntary wheel running was reduced in PECAM1 knockout mice.
Conclusions: These results demonstrate a specific role of PECAM1 in flow-mediated Gab1 tyrosine phosphorylation and eNOS signaling in ECs
Author Disclosures: S. Xu: None. M. Koroleva: None. K. Fujiwara: None. Z. Jin: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.