Abstract 11981: Comparison of Long-term Effects of Atorvastatin versus Pravastatin on Serum Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/kexin Type 9 Levels in Patients With ST-segment-elevation Myocardial Infarction
Introduction: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of serum low-density lipoprotein levels and statins increase serum PCSK9 levels. Therefore, we investigated PCSK9 levels in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent PCI and were randomly allocated to atorvastatin or pravastatin therapy for 2 years.
Hypothesis: Atorvastatin or pravastatin differentially influence long-term PCSK9 levels in STEMI patients.
Methods: The present study is a subanalysis of the ALPS-AMI study and patients who were increased 10 to 20 mg of statin dose, and added ezetimibe during the study period were excluded from the ALPS-AMI study. PCSK9 levels were measured at 1 and 24 months in 225 STEMI patients who were randomly allocated to 10 mg/day of atorvastatin (n = 107) or pravastatin (n = 118) statin therapy.
Results: No differences in 1-month PCSK9 levels between the atorvastatin and pravastatin groups were noted. However, the 24-month PCSK9 levels were significantly higher in pravastatin group (389.4 [interquartile range: 293.6-485.1] ng/mL than in atorvastatin group (314.5 [interquartile range: 235.4-375.8] ng/mL, P<0.001).
Conclusions: This is the first clinical trial to compare the long-term effects of atorvastatin and pravastatin therapy on PCSK9 levels in patients with STEMI, and demonstrates that pravastatin therapy was more increased serum PCSK9 levels than atorvastatin therapy.
- Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9
- ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction
- percutaneous coronary intervention
Author Disclosures: Y. Kashima: None. H. Imamura: None. A. Izawa: None. U. Ikeda: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.