Abstract 11918: The Interplay of Ethnicity and Education With the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple 7 Metrics: The Baptist Health South Florida Employee Study
Background: Healthcare disparities are a major public health concern. It is known that ethnicity and educational status independently predict health outcomes. Higher numbers of the American Heart Association's (AHA) ideal Life’s Simple 7 metrics (LS7) are associated with better cardiovascular health. In this study, we investigated the interplay of ethnicity and education on the attainment of ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) among employees of Baptist Health South Florida (BHSF), a large nonprofit health care organization.
Methods: The data collected during BHSF annual voluntary wellness examination included age, gender, race, ethnicity and education. We assessed cardiovascular health using the LS7 metrics. Components of the LS7 metrics (smoking, physical activity, body mass index, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose) were categorized into ideal, intermediate and poor, according to AHA criteria. Study participants who met 6-7 ideal metrics were considered to have attained ICH.
Results: The study population consisted of 9056 individuals (Mean age 43 ± 12 years, 74% women). Among employees with postgraduate education, 12% of white employees met the ideal for 6-7 LS7 metrics, 15% for Hispanic and 4% for Black employees. For employees with college degrees, the prevalence of 6-7 ideal LS7 metrics was 14%, 16% and 8% for white, Hispanic and black employees respectively (Figure). Overall, the odds of meeting 6-7 ideal LS7 metrics was lower for Hispanic and black employees compared to white employees of similar education (Table). These differences were especially large in those with high school education or less.
Conclusion: Minorities are at an increased risk of poor cardiovascular health particularly those with the lowest educational achievement. Comprehensive workplace wellness programs that target these groups will improve cardiovascular health and employee productivity, in addition to saving health care costs.
Author Disclosures: O. Ogunmoroti: None. S. Das: None. O. Utuama: None. A. Younus: None. M. Rouseff: None. D. Parris: None. H. Guzman: None. Z. Ben Taleb: None. R. Bahelah: None. C. Osondu: None. E. Aneni: None. M. Aziz: None. E. Oni: None. T. Tran: None. W. Maziak: None. T. Feldman: None. A. Agatston: None. E. Veledar: None. S. Virani: None. K. Nasir: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Regeneron, Quest Diagnostic. Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Modest, Modest.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.