Abstract 11839: Hepatitis C sero-positivity Adversely Affects Long-term survival After Orthotropic Heart Transplant: Fifteen Year Analysis of a National Registry
Background: Concerns exist regarding orthotropic heart transplantation (OHT) in hepatitis C (HCV) seropositive recipients. The UNOS national registry was accessed to evaluate HCV recipient sero-positivity and outcomes.
Method: Retrospective analysis of the UNOS registry (2000-2014) to evaluate recipient profile and clinical outcome of HCV sero-positive (HCV+ve) and sero-negative (HCV -ve) pts. Early and late adjusted survival and adverse events at follow-up were compared.
Results: From 23,507 patients (mean age 52 yrs; 75% male), 481 (2%) were HCV +ve (mean age 52 yrs; 77% male). Annual proportion of HCV +ve recipients was comparable over the study period (range 1.3-2.7%; p=0.2). The HCV +ve cohort had more African American (22% vs 17%; p=0.01), pts with a prior LVAD (21 vs 14%; p<0.01 and more hepatitis B core Ag+ve recipients (17% vs 5%; p<0.01). However, ECMO (p=0.7), inotropic (p=0.2), and intra-aortic balloon pump (p=0.7) support, serum creatinine (p=0.7) and serum bilirubin (p=0.7) were similar. Proportion of Status 1A pts was similar (24% HCV+ vs 21% HCV -); however wait-time for HCV + recipients was longer (mean 23 vs 19 days; p<0.01). Among donor variables, age (p=0.8), hepatitis B status (p=0.4) and CDC high risk status (p=0.9) were comparable. At a median follow up of 4 years, 67.1% patients were alive, 28.4% died and 1.1% were re-transplanted (3.4% missing). Overall survival was worse in the HCV+ cohort (64.3 vs 72.9 % and 43.2 vs 55% at five and ten years; p<0.01). Late renal [OR 1.2(1-1.6); p = 0.02] and liver dysfunction [OR 4.5 (1.2-15.7); p=0.01] occur in HCV +ve recipients. On adjusted analysis, HCV sero-positivity is associated with poorer survival [HR0.6 (0.5-0.8); p<0.01].
Conclusion: A small proportion of patients receiving a heart transplant in the United States have hepatitis C. In spite of comparable pre-operative hepatic function, hepatitis C sero-positive recipients develop late liver dysfunction and have poorer long-term survival.
Author Disclosures: S. Kumar: None. S.V. Deo: None. S.E. Altarabsheh: None. S.M. Dunlay: None. B. Sarreyyupoglu: None. Y. Elgudin: None. B. Medalion: None. C. ElAmm: None. M. Ginwalla: None. G.H. Oliveira: None. G. Fonarow: None. S.J. Park: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.