Abstract 11785: The Association of Guideline Adherence of Coronary Revascularization and Clinical Outcomes for Patients With Stable and Complex Coronary Artery Disease
Introduction: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) gained popularity in China, there are gaps in knowledge about the appropriateness of revascularization procedures and related outcomes of stable and complex coronary artery disease.
Methods: Using the China PEACE (Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events) research network, this prospective study of 3-Vessel Disease (China PEACE-3VD) consecutively enrolled patients with 3-vessel and/or left-main disease diagnosed by elective coronary angiography in 24 large cardiovascular centers in China. We abstracted medical record data for patient characteristics and treatment strategies, the core lab calculated SYNTAX Scores for all patients. We classified the appropriateness of treatment for each patient using 2011 Guideline on Myocardial Revascularization published by European Society of Cardiology and European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. We compared the 1-year rates of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) between patients underwent revascularization with I/IIa and IIb/III indications.
Results: We consecutively enrolled 3186 patients from participated hospitals. Among them, 20.4% (651) underwent medical therapy, 79.6% (2535) underwent revascularization procedures (PCI: 87.4%, 12.6% CABG) during the index hospitalization. For patients underwent revascularization procedures, 47.9% patients were suitable for both CABG and PCI (has I indication for CABG, and IIa indication for PCI, group A), 52.1% were only suitable for CABG (has I indication for CABG, and IIb/III for PCI, group B). In group A, 95% underwent PCI, 5% underwent CABG, the 1-year MACCE rates of CABG and PCI showed no significant difference (PCI: 4.6%, CABG: 7.7%, adjusted OR=1.21, p=0.81); In group B, 80.4% underwent PCI, 19.6% underwent CABG, the 1-year MACCE rates of CABG is significantly lower than PCI (PCI: 7.5%, CABG: 2.3%, adjusted OR=3.18, p=0.027).
Conclusions: Using the Guideline on Myocardial Revascularization, we identified certain overuse of PCI for stable and complex coronary artery disease. The inappropriate use of PCI is associated with worse 1-year outcomes than CABG. (NCT01625312)
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
- Coronray Artery Bypass
- Guideline Adherence
- Follow-Up Studies
Author Disclosures: C. Rao: None. Z. Zheng: None. S. Hu: None. H. Zhang: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.