Abstract 11770: Egg Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Introduction: Current dietary guidelines no longer recommend against egg consumption despite the high cholesterol content. However, considerable controversy remains on the relationship between high egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the association between egg consumption and CVD events.
Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from database inception through April 2015 for observational studies with hazard ratio (HRs) or relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) that reported the association between egg consumption and CVD events which included coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. Data were extracted by one reviewer followed by independent screening and extraction of study characteristics and outcome data by two other reviewers. Conflicts were resolved through consensus. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to pool the hazard ratios or relative risks from the included studies. Subgroup analyses were performed to explore the potential sources of heterogeneity. The quality of the included studies and publication bias were assessed.
Results: We identified 5 cross-sectional and 6 prospective studies with median follow-up of 13.1 years. A total of 301,339 individuals and 10,262 total CVD events were included with 7,225 CHD and 3,037 stroke cases. Compared to consumption of less than 1 egg/day, higher egg consumption was associated with an increased risk of CVD events (pooled HR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.01-2.03; p=0.012; I2= 65.7% and pooled RR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.89-1.34; p=0.145; I2= 41.4%).
Conclusions: Our analysis suggests that higher consumption of eggs (more than 1 egg/day) may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Large and diverse prospective community-based cohorts will be necessary to establish optimal dietary recommendations for public health.
Author Disclosures: C. Krittanawong: None. A. Tunhasiriwet: None. M.S. Tweet: None. K.J. Bisanz: None. S. Chirapongsathorn: None. M.B. Hoy: None. Z. Wang: None. S.N. Hayes: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.