Abstract 11749: Prognostic Value of Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain and Ejection Fraction in Patients With Non-ischemic and Ischemic Heart Disease
Background: Both Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) are useful parameters for assessment of LV function. The aim of this study is to confirm the prognostic value of them in patients with non-ischemic and ischemic heart disease.
Methods: We studied 179 patients (DCM group: Age 61±15 years, 70 females, LVEF 33±9%) with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure symptom, and 97 patients (MI group: Age 66±13 years, 18 females, LVEF 45±7%) who were successfully treated with percutaneous coronary intervention for acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction. Echocardiography was used for LV GLS derived from 2D speckle-tracking method and LVEF with modified Simpson’s method. Outcome was assessed according to death and re-hospitalization with heart failure in the follow-up period.
Results: 40 patients in DCM group and 10 patients in MI group experienced at least one event. In these 2 groups, significant differences in GLS and LVEF were found between patients with and without cardiac events (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed patients with worse GLS had an unfavorable outcome in both DCM and MI groups (p<0.05), but LVEF did not associated with outcome.
Conclusion: LV GLS has the potential to predict the outcome with higher sensitivity than LVEF in patients with heart disease regardless of ischemic etiology.
Author Disclosures: T. Onishi: None. Y. Tsukishiro: None. H. Kawai: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.