Abstract 11712: A First Look at Potential Linguistic or Cultural Factors Regarding Bystander CPR Education and Performance in Arab-Americans in Southeastern Michigan
Introduction: Cultural and community specific barriers were identified as reasons for low bystander CPR/AED rates in minorities. No literature exists that explores this issue in the Arab American population, a large ethnic community in the state.
Methods: We performed a cross sectional survey of clients receiving services from ACCESS (Arab Community Center for Economic & Social Services), the largest Arabic nonprofit organization in Michigan, during a 3 month period. The survey was presented verbally or in writing in English/Arabic. The questions were regarding demographics, CPR/AED knowledge, barriers to CPR training, and how best to inform and train respondents. A 5 point Likert scale was used and descriptive statistics are presented.
Results: Of 434 potential respondents, 192(44.3%) completed the survey. Respondents were majority female (58%), adult (mean age 37) and first generation immigrant (73.9%). They were low income (66% < $30K/year) and well educated (65% > H.S. education). They were predominantly Muslims (81%), 23.8% lacked English proficiency, and 42% completed the survey in Arabic.
About a third (30.4%) had prior CPR training. The vast majority (83.8%) support public CPR education and performance, with 63.1% believing they are currently capable of understanding and implementing CPR instructions given over the phone. Perceived barriers to CPR performance are listed in Table 1.
The most common barrier to learning CPR was availability of nearby CPR courses (17.4%). Respondents identified the Internet as their preferred source of information and community centers as their preferred site for CPR training.
Conclusions: Members of the Arabic community are aware of the importance of bystander CPR/AED and are willing to learn and perform CPR. Language and female chest exposure are two specific issues to address when designing community specific CPR/AED program. Internet and community center based initiative were preferred sites for educational programs.
Author Disclosures: A. Shams: None. R. Swor: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.