Abstract 11676: Importance of Longitudinal Dyssynchrony in Low Flow Low Gradient Severe Aortic Stenosis Patients Undergoing Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography. A Multicenter Study (on behalf of the HAVEC group)
Introduction: Patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG AS) represent a challenging cohort with high morbidity and mortality. Low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiogram (DSE) is recommended for assessment of flow reserve (FR, defined as ≥ 20% increase in stroke volume) which is prognostically important.
Hypothesis: Presence of longitudinal dyssynchrony (LD) is independently associated with no FR during DSE.
Methods: 185 LFLG AS patients from 4 different institutions who underwent DSE between 1997 through 2013 were studied. Baseline LD, transverse dyssynchrony and strain analysis were performed using vendor-independent 2D CPA TomTec software using DICOM images from apical 2 and 4-chamber and feasible in 97% of patients (N=179). Multivariate logistic regression analysis of predictors of no FR was performed.
Results: The mean age was 74 ± 9 yrs; LVEF 30 ± 10%; indexed AV area 0.44 ± 0.1 cm2/m2; mean AV gradient 24 ± 7 mmHg; mean QRS width 126 ± 32 msec and 28% of the cohort had a QRS width ≥ 130 msec. LD, pre-defined as maximum opposite wall delay ≥ 130 msec, was present in 83% (149/179) of study cohort, whereas FR on DSE was present in 54%. Coronary artery disease was more common in those without FR. Although baseline LVEF was not different according to FR status (p=0.23), greater LV stroke volume index (p=0.001) and longitudinal strain (p=0.004) were seen in those without FR. LD was more prevalent in patients without FR (90% vs 77%, p=0.02). On multivariate analysis (Figure 1), presence of LD (HR=4.58, p=0.01) was an independent predictor of no FR despite several adjustments.
Conclusions: LD is very prevalent in patients with LFLG AS undergoing DSE. Quantification of LD provides important insights as LD is independently associated with no FR. Whether LD improves after valvular intervention and whether its correction confers a better prognosis to these patients remains to be studied.
- Longitudinal Dyssynchrony
- Flow Reserve
- Low-Flow Low-Gradient Aortic Stenosis
- Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography
- Strain Imaging
Author Disclosures: J.L. Cavalcante: Research Grant; Significant; Medtronic Inc.. A. Delgado-Montero: None. A. Dahou: None. L. Caballero: None. S. Rijal: None. J. Gorcsan III: Other; Modest; Research Support - TomTec. J. Monin: None. P. Pibarot: None. P. Lancellotti: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.