Abstract 11554: Chronic Cenderitide Administration Improves Cardiorenal Function and Remodeling in Experimental Heart Failure
Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a major health burden in which renal impairment worsens prognosis. Targeting the vicious cycle between heart and kidney may be a more optimal therapeutic strategy for HF. The cardiac natriuretic peptides have cardiorenal protective effects through their receptor GC-A and GC-B. We sought to determine the actions of chronic administration of the dual GC-A/GC-B agonist cenderitide (CD-NP) upon cardiorenal function in experimental HF.
Hypothesis: Chronic cenderitide therapy will improve cardiorenal function in HF.
Methods: Experimental canine HF was induced by rapid right ventricular pacing at 240 bpm for 10 days which mimics advanced overt HF in humans. Canines (n=5 of each group) were treated with or without cenderitide (Capricor Therapeutics) subcutaneous injection (SQ) twice per day (SQ-BID, 10 ug/kg/day), cenderitide continuous SQ pump (SQ-pump, 5 ng/kg/min), or oral enalapril (ACEi, 0.5 mg/kg/day) for 10 days from the beginning of pacing. We defined hemodynamics, echo parameters, circulating neurohumoral factors at day 11, and global gene profiles using RT-PCR microarrays related to the NP system, fibrosis, growth factors, and inflammation in left atrium which undergoes early remodeling in this model.
Results: The SQ-pump group showed significantly less atrial and renal weights, higher cardiac output, glomerular filtration rate, and % ejection fraction, and lower systemic vascular resistance and plasma renin activity (all p<0.05) without lowering mean arterial pressure (MAP), whereas SQ-BID and ACEi lacked these effects together with lowering MAP compared to untreated canines. Gene profile analyses showed gene related to inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and ROCK-2, and apoptosis such as caspase 7, Fas ligand, C-Myc and TP53 were suppressed (all p<0.05) in SQ-pump but not SQ-BID or ACEi compare to un-treated group.
Conclusions: Continuous SQ administration of cenderitide demonstrated superior beneficial effects on cardiorenal function and remodeling together with inhibition of circulating renin and tissue inflammatory and apoptosis pathways. Our studies suggest that continuous administration of cenderitide may provide cardiorenal protection in the setting of advanced HF.
Author Disclosures: T. Ichiki: None. G.J. Harty: None. B.K. Huntley: None. S. Sangaralingham: None. G.E. Harders: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.