Abstract 11478: Excellent Clinical Courses of Autologous Skeletal Myoblast Sheet Transplantation Compared to a Propensity Score-Matched Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (Best of Basic Science Abstract)
Introduction: We recently reported a multi-center, single-arm, phase II study that evaluated the efficacy and safety of autologous skeletal myoblast sheet (TCD-51073) transplantation. The advantage of this procedure over a control group has not yet been analyzed.
Hypothesis: TCD-51073 has better clinical outcome compared with background-matched control group.
Methods: Seven patients with advanced heart failure due to ischemic etiology (TCD-51073 group, New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <35%) refractory to optimal medical and coronary revascularization therapy, received TCD-51073 at 3 study centers between 2012 and 2013 with a 2-year follow-up period. As previously reported, 112 patients received cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with follow-up at the University of Tokyo Hospital between 2007 and 2014.
Results: Of them, 21 patients were selected for the control group by propensity score matching. No significant difference in baseline variables between the groups was observed. LVEF and NYHA class improved significantly in the TCD-51073 group during the 6-month study period (p<0.05). During the 2-year follow-up, 7 patients (33%) in the CRT group and no patient in the TCD-51073 group died due to cardiac disease or received VAD implantation (p=0.128 by the log-rank test).
Conclusions: Transplantation of TCD-51073 is clinically advantageous in facilitating LV reverse remodeling, improving HF symptoms, and preventing cardiac death in patients with ischemic etiology when compared to background-matched patients receiving CRT.
Author Disclosures: T. Imamura: None. K. Kinugawa: Research Grant; Modest; Terumo Corporation. Y. Sakata: None. S. Miyagawa: None. Y. Sawa: Research Grant; Modest; Terumo Corporation. K. Yamazaki: None. M. Ono: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.