Abstract 11029: Netrin-1 Alleviates Post-Resuscitation Myocardial Dysfunction in a Rat Model of Cardiac Arrest
Introduction: Post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction has been recognized as one of the major causes of fatal outcomes after initial successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Previous research demonstrated that Netrin-1 improved post ischemic injury cardiac function via preservation of mitochondrial integrity. In the present study, we investigated the role of netrin-1 after cardiac arrest.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that the netrin-1 alleviated post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction in a rat model of cardiac arrest.
Methods: A total of sixteen male Sprague-Dawley rats (450-550 g) were randomized to two groups as follows: (1) Control group (C group); (2) Netrin-1 group (N group). Ventricular fibrillation was induced and untreated for 8 mins followed by 8 mins of CPR. Netrin-1 or saline were given at the onset of precordial compression. Ejection fraction (EF) was measured by echocardiography at baseline, 1,2,3 and 4 hours after ROSC.
Results: Eight rats were resuscitated in the netrin-1 group and 7 rats were resuscitated in the saline group. In both groups, EF decreased after resuscitation when compared to the baseline (#p < 0.05). In the netrin-1 group, EF decreased from ( 68.1±3.4)% at baseline to (51.1±5.0)% at 1 hour post-resuscitation. In the saline group, EF decreased from (67.7±2.1)% at baseline to (44.5±5.3)% at 1 hr post-resuscitation. EF was better in the netrin-1 group than in the saline group at 2, 3 and 4 hours post-resuscitation (*p < 0.05) ( Figure 1).
Conclusion: Netrin-1 alleviates post-resuscitation myocardial dysfunction in a rat model of cardiac arrest.
Author Disclosures: L. Yin: None. S. Zhao: None. J. Moon: None. P. Sun: None. J. Wang: None. H. Yu: None. Z. Tang: None. X. Wu: None. X. Wu: None. J. Cahoon: None. W. Tang: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.