Abstract 10903: Extraction Outcomes in Patients With Congenital Heart Disease
Introduction: Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) frequently require implantable cardiac devices. Device infection or malfunction may necessitate lead extraction. Extraction may be challenging due to long lead dwell times, anatomic abnormalities, and prior cardiac surgery. Little is known about extraction outcomes in the CHD population.
Methods and Results: This retrospective study included 41 CHD patients and 82 age and gender matched controls that underwent lead extractions at two centers between 2001-2014. Only patients with leads older than 12 months were included. There were 79 leads in CHD patients and 150 in controls. Patients with CHD had a mean age of 39±17 years at extraction and on average their leads had been implanted for 81±84 months, this was not significantly different from the control group. Eighty eight percent of CHD patients had 1 or more cardiac surgeries as compared to only 22% of controls (p<0.001). The number of abandoned leads was also significantly different with 16 abandoned leads in the CHD group and 3 in controls (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in extraction techniques between the groups. Complete extraction was achieved in 94% of patients in both groups. There were no CHD group complications. Control group complications included 3 SVC lacerations requiring sternotomy (one was fatal), and 1 ventricular perforations with tamponade requiring sternotomy. None of these patients had a history of cardiac surgery. The average age of leads in patients with a complication was 15.3 years which was older than the mean lead age seen in the CHD and control populations which was 6.75 and 4.6 years respectively.
Conclusions: Lead extraction can be safely performed in patients with CHD. Despite anatomic abnormalities and previous cardiac surgery, the outcome of lead extraction in patients with CHD is comparable to controls. Prior cardiac surgery may lower the risk for extraction complications.
Author Disclosures: E.A. Fender: None. A.M. Killu: None. D.O. Hodge: None. B.C. Cannon: None. P.A. Friedman: None. C.J. Mcleod: None. C.S. Broberg: None. C.A. Henrikson: Research Grant; Modest; Biosense Webster. Other; Significant; Boston Scientific, St Jude Medical, Medtronic. Y. Cha: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.