Abstract 10865: Online Multielectrode Catheter-enabled Temporal Tctivation Electrogram Enalysis for Localization of Atrial Fibrillation Rotor Regions: Substrate HD Study
Introduction: Multi-electrode electrogram temporal activation and fractionation have been used to localize atrial fibrillation (AF) drivers. Yet, the feasibility of a simplified “online” analysis and its usefulness to ablate AF remain to be investigated.
Hypothesis: Evaluating a simplified “online” electrogram analysis approach designed to localize and ablate AF drivers.
Methods: 105 patients undergoing AF ablation (77% with persistent AF, 3 centres) were prospectively enrolled. AF was first mapped in both atria with the 20-pole contact electrode catheter PentaRay® (Biosense Webster, Inc.) in order to identify regions with a temporal activation pattern compatible with the presence of rapidly rotating rotors. Specifically, regions with consecutive activations spanning the majority of the AF cycle length (including examples of rapid and continuously fractionated electrograms) were visually selected (“hot zone”).The endpoints were AF termination acutely, and freedom from long-term AF (single procedure). Off-line, electrogram cycle length values were compared between “hot” and “non-hot” regions and a numerical simulation of PentaRay-enabled unipolar recordings of a stable rotor driving AF was conducted
Results: Visually selected “hot” regions located mostly in the left atrium (6.5 ±4.2/patient; ~70% of ”hot” regions). “Hot” regions were activated at a significantly shorter cycle length than “non-hot” regions (171.8 ± 4.8 vs. 193.0 ± 6.3 ms, p=0.01, N=20). 95.6% of the “hot regions” were automatically labelled CFAEs (automated analysis, Carto). However, 4.5±3.4 distinct CFAEs regions/patient were also labelled in “non-hot” regions. Ablation at “hot” regions terminated AF in 99/104 patients (95.2%), 46 [21-72] min after the 1st radiofrequency application within 20 [10-37] min of RF. Also, numerical simulations show that a simplified PentaRay®-enabled activation analysis is sufficient to distinguish rotor and non-rotor regions. After 9+3 [6-11], months of median [Q1-Q3] follow-up, 87 % were free from AF after 1 procedure and 53 % still under antiarrhythmic drugs.
Conclusions: With this simplified “online” analysis, we could successfully localize rotor regions and perform efficient AF ablation. Clinical trial.gov: NCT02093949
- complex fractionated atrial electrogram
- Atrial Fibrillation drivers
- 20-pole contact electrode catheter
- Atrial Fibrillation termination
Author Disclosures: C. Bars: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Biosense Webster. J. Seitz: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; BIOSENSE WEBSTER, SAINT JUDE MEDICAL. G. Theodore: None. S. Beurtheret: None. E. Marijon: None. A. Ferracci: None. M. Bremondy: None. J. Faure: None. L. Curel: None. G. Penaranda: None. O. Berenfeld: None. J. Kalifa: None. A. Pisapia: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.